Abstracts Concerning Canals

* 1819, April. 1 through Dec. 31 *
Cleveland Register

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Each abstract begins with a "reference line," such as: 16 - CGCR July 31:2/3,4.
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[note: for the digital edition, "abstract" has been included at the beginning of each reference line, and the name of the newspaper has been spelled out in the first reference line of each page. Also, for the abstracts from the Cleveland Register, the number of the page(s) on which the abstract appears in the original Annals is provided in brackets at the end of the reference line.]

The material which follows was scanned from the original printed Annals, proof-read and corrected to replicate the original as closely as possible. The Annals staff made the decision not to correct misspellings they found in the Register, and the staff of this project has done the same.

* Digitized Material *

Abstract 1115 - CR [Register] Apr. 20:3/1 [Page 491]

The house in committee have filled the blank in the great canal bill with $600,000.

Henry Seymour is appointed by the legislature, a canal commissioner, in place of Joseph Ellicott resigned.

The house of assembly have resolved to hold two sittings each day, during the remainder of the session.

Abstract 1194-1/2 – CR May 4:3/1 [Page 519]

An account of the great wertern canal of the state of New York, with an illustrious map, has recently been published in London. (1)

Abstract 1223 –CR- May 18:2/1,2 [Page 532 and 533]


On Canals.

Mr. WORTHINGTON – I observe that the Advocate of the 9th inst. fairly gives up all its old errors relative to the canal.—Yes, even Mr. Noah and the New York Martling-men have at length become canalites.

After denouncing it as a visionalty project—an impracticable scheme for political purposes-a deception of De Witt Clinton's to get in to power-after predicting the ruin of the state to ratify Clinton's ambitious project of making a 'big ditch' to float him into the presidency, ' behold! it is now discovered to be wise and practicable measures; and the shrewd Martling-men have not only received to take it into their favor, but are likewise determined that neither Mr. Clinton nor any other 'Clintonian' shall have the credit of patronizing the great work.

It is not forgotten that this same Advocate a little more than a year ago, called it 'Clinton's Canal!- -it is remembered that a little lawyer wrote some letters for his friend Pat Murphy, all in ridicule of Clinton and his 'kanaul.' Mr. Meigs could prove clearly, that the poverty of the people of England was owing to the canals in that county, and from hence it might be inferred that Mr. Clinton wished to make us as poor as England. Mr. Targee discovered some mountains in the way which it would cost millions to remove; but these are now happily discovered to be only beds of plaister and mountains of salt.

The conviction of the Marting-men have, however, come too late; and the caution of the poet-

'Be thou the first good measures to befriend;
'His praise is lost who waits till all commend.'

was not deserved by these embittered politicians, and now finding themselves the ridicule of the intelligent community they have come short about.

The advocate of Monday, says—

"After an experiment of near two years, it has been ascertained that the operations of the canal have been such as to satisfy those who doubted that the project was within the resources and capacity of the state.'

And again—

'We were among the first who…* the canal question; it presented to us features of the most perplexing and expensive nature - -a project requiring years of labor to perfect - -we drew out conclusions and comparisons from foreign canals; we knew the population of the state. We have been in error respecting those circulations, and from a cause which we did not foresee!!'

'If then, we have been in error as to the progress of these great projects, (and who is free from error) we are about to show, that in calling the canal a political project of Mr. Clinton's we gave it, originally, its true appellation. From the positive manner of calling Mr. Clinton the sole projector of the canal, as adopted by his friends, we are led into another error, by supposing that he really was so. Some documents, lately published go to prove that the late governor Morris had a more solid claim to distinction.'

The liberal and magnanimous Mr. Noah then goes to prove that Mr. Gouverneur Morris did actually write one of the many reports on the subject of the canal; and he also proves that Mr. Clinton had said, 'he was sensible of the services of Mr. Morris!!'

But the editor proceeds to show that the friends of the governor did oppose the late bell appropriating money to complete all the canals at once-but (says he) 'the firmness of Messrs. Skinner, Van Buren, Young Childs, and others, met the question on proper grounds, and set it at rest.'

What will the Martling-me of Suffolk county say to this!* Tammanyhall, becoming the friends of Canals 'not of Clinton's canals' but Gouverneur Morris's canals!.' O tempora! O mores! They are as hostile to Clinton as ever, but the 'big ditch' is taken into favor, and the vote for completing the whole at once, is ascribed to the firmness of the Marting men in the legislature.

Look at this, republicans of Long Island! and prepare yourselves to assent to these new opinions which are dictated from Tammany hall!!

* Illegible

Abstract 1270 – CR May 25:3/2 [Page 555]

During the last winter, a number of gentleman, known capital, offered to complete the whole of the great canal, from Erie to Hudson, for a lease of the salt springs for 50 years and never to sell the salt for more than 38 CTS. Per bushel.

Abstract 1302 – CR June 1:2/3,4 [Page 566]



It is often the case in, cities and corporations, that the police officers have a regard for the health of the place. The person, who would, leave the dead bodies of beasts, or any part thereof, to putrify and rot in the streets or along the shores, of waters passing so near incorporated villages should be subject to pay a heavy penalty, when the health of the place depends so materially on the cleanliness, of its streets, &c. The effluvia arising from putrid matter, is always the cause of sickness in the army; this is the moving cause, of all fevers, and except something is immediately done to remover the putrid masses that line the shore of the Cuyahoga, I fear we shall experience a sickly summer.

It is a disagreeable task to recommend the adoption of measures, calculated to compel a removal of this nuisance, and an abandonment of the practice of casting dead animals, &c into the river, to wash on shore and there putrify, and impregnate the air with noxious vapours, which have a direct tendency to cause sickness.

Abstract 1315 – CR June 1:3/1 [Page 570]


The Canal.

The season hitherto, has been uncommonly fine for the work upon the Canal. It is said to be carried on with much spirit and success. Many laborers are employed at 12 and 13 dollars per month, and from the improvements that have been made in the various labor-saving machines in use, and from the facilities to be derived from experience, much more important results may be expected than in any heretofore.

Abstract 1563 – CR Aug. 32/1 [Page 676]

The Election

It is now time for the citizens of Ohio to turn their attention to the selection of candidates to fill the different offices. We should recommend the adoption of such measures as our brethren in the south consider indispensible, in a legislator, viz: ' That we will not support, as a member of the legislature or to any other public office, a man inimical to domestic manufactures - - and to convince his constituents that he is a friend to domestic manufactures, and to the independence of his country, he must dress in American manufacturer, and encourage by every honorable mean the industrious manufacture of his own state.

In this section of the state, it behoves us to elect men to the legislature who are friendly to, and will use industry in promoting internal improvements. - - A canal uniting the waters of Lake Erie with those of the Ohio river, we consider an important object and one which will ultimately by of immense advantage to the state of to individual stockholders. - -A canal opened by the state uniting the waters of the lakes with those of the Ohio would be a source of revenue that would not be destroyed by adverse winds.

Another inducement to take into consideration the importance of the approaching election, is, the amendment of the consideration. This questions requires the most serious and profound considerations—weight well the arguments which may be abduced both for and against the call of a convention—the danger to which we expose our privileges by entrusting them in the hands of a few - - the many advantages that may be derived by having the defects in the constitution amended, from considerations which claim the attention of every citizen in Ohio.

Abstract 1614 – CR Aug. 10:3/2 [Page 695]


The Utica Patriot informs that there is the most encouraging prospect that before the close of the present season the canal will be completed from Utica to Salina.

Abstract 1948 – CR Oct. 26:3/2 [Page 820]


A letter from a gentleman in Rome to the editor of the Hudson Whig, dated the 27th ult states that the water is now in the Canal for the distance of nine miles, commencing about four miles below that village; and that the commissioners and engineers have passed in boats drawn by horses, upon the canal, upwards of eight miles. The writer adds, that "before the close of the season, salt will undoubtedly be carried from Sabina to Utica by means of the canal."

Abstract 2011 – CR Nov. 9:2/5; 3/1 [Page 298]


We understand that the Holland Company have conveyed to the people of this state, one hundred thousand six hundred and thirty-two acres of land situated in what is termed the Holland Purchase toward the completion of the great western canal, according to the provisions of act of the legislature of this state, passed the fifteenth of April, eighteen hundred and seventeen; the land so deeded as a donation, may be considered as worth half a million of dollars.


Abstract 2047 – CR Nov. 16:3/2 [Page 873]


With pride and joy, we announce to our readers, that the Middle section of the GREAT WESTERN CANAL is finished! The whole line displays one of the grandest spectacles ever exhibited. We are informed by a correspondent, that nothing is seen or heard but congratulations and rejoicing. The firing of cannon - - the display of thousands spectators, and the playing of, music have attended the inlet of those waters, that will hereafter waft countless millions of property through this great and magnificent channel of internal trade. We can now pass from the mouth of Hudson to a point four hundred miles distant in the very interior of our vast state. Search the ancient and modern history, trade the march of the most glorious empires that have ever flourished on the face of the globe, and show us any thing equal to this stupendous work, accomplished in the course of a few months by a single member of the American Union. Well may the nations of Europe wonder and admire. The completion of this section deserves a mention in the records of immortality, and will eternally stand a towering landmark in the history of mankind.

Here are the first fruits of the noble and enlightened policy persued by DE Witt Clinton. We invite his calumniators to insert the foregoing remarks in their gazettes devoted to a fruitless opposition to his grand and vigorous measures. (5)

Abstract 2098 – CR Dec. 7:3/1 [Page 902]

The Utica paper mention that contracts have already been made for the transportation of salt from Salina (Onondaga,) to Utica, on the Canal, at 31 cents per barrel-about one third of the former price. The price of salt at Salina is 40 cents a bushel, including duties—a barrel delivered at Utica will cost only $2 31.


Abstract 2170 – CR Dec. 21:2/1, 2, 3, 4, 5 [Pages 931 through 936]
Governor Brown's Message

Abstract 2190 – CR Dec. 21:3/3 [Page 940]

Two boats have arrived here on the canal; one from Rome, and the other from Lenox. The canal is now ready for use from this village to Salina.

Utica Patriot. (1)

Abstract 2200 – CR Dec. 21:3/4,5 [Page 941 AND 942]



The following account of the tour, by water, is from an highly esteemed correspondent, and will, we trust, be read with uncommon interest, by every intelligent and reflecting person in community.


We have great pleasure in announcing to the public, that the first trial of the Northern Canal has been made, and that it had been attended with complete and gratifying success.

On Wednesday last, several gentlemen left the Hudson at Fort-Edward in a boat, and proceed by the canal to Whitehall, where they were received by a large concourse of citizens, from that and the adjoining towns, with the discharge of cannon and other demonstrations of joy. On Thursday they returned, from the lake to the river, accompanied by a band of music, and three large boats, containing more than on hundred persons. The boats left the lade at 11 A.M. and after stopping at several places, and remaining at Fort Ann about two hours, reached the Hudson at half past seven in the evening. The largest boat was drawn by two horses, the remainder by one; and the average speed was about for and an half miles an hour. At Fort Edward many ladies and gentlemen were assembled in expectation of their arrival; and the boats were hailed with every mark of delight; cannon was fired, and the air rung with the shouts of the admiring spectators.

The scene, at that moment, was fine, beyond description; the evening was mild and clear and the music from the band gave to every thing additional interest and pleasure. - - Indeed the whole excursion was peculiarly gratifying. The day was unusually fine the borders of the canal, and especially at Fort Ann, were lined with spectators; and the occasion was eminently calculated to inspire the mind with the purest and most elevated sentiments: A navigable river opened through forests and morasses-over an extent of country so considerable, and in many places so uneven, and the whole completed in so short a period as to baffle the calculations, even of the most sanguine, is no ordinary event. - -The locks which are nine in number were in the finest order; they were passed with but little delay; and the appearance of the works every where reflected the highest credit on the talents and fidelity of the acting commissioner, Col. Young and Judge Geddes the engineer.

This canal is another proof of the enterprising spirit of out countrymen, and of the wonders which may be performed by art and industry, when aided by science and excited by love of country.

Among the party were recognized the hon. Samuel Young, Judge Geddes, Hon. George Tibbetts, Hon. Martin Van Buren, Hon R. Skinner, Hon. Z.R. Shipherd, Roswell Weston, esq. and capt. Budd of the navy, ( who kindly permitted the use of one of the boats from the fleet, and who is entitled to great credit for his attention and exertions,) together with many other distinguished and respectable citizens, from different parts of the country. In short the first passage from Lake Champlain to the Hudson river, through the Northern canal, will ever by remembered by those who performed it, as one of the most interesting scenes of their lives. To our country, we hope, that it may prove the harbinger of great and lasting benefits.

(From Annals of Cleveland - 1818-1935, Volume I (1819). Cleveland: Cleveland WPA. 1937.)

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