* 1820, Jan. 1 through Dec. 31 *
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* Digitized Material *
Abstract 2339 - CR [Register] Feb. 1:1/1,2,3,4,5; 2/1,2,3,4,5; 3/1
MESSAGE Of his Excellency [New York] Governor CLINTON, to the two Houses of the Legislature, at the opening of the session.
* -- excerpt of a longer message.
Abstract 2365 - CR CR Feb. 8:2/1,2 [Pages 1051 and 1052]
Of the committee on the projected canal between Lake Erie and the Ohio river.
Your committee to whom was referred so much of the governor's message as relates to the improvement of the country by roads and canals, respectfully report.
That they have had that subject under their consideration, and have given to it all the attention which its importance demanded. They conceive it unnecessary, at this day, to attempt any illustration of the great advantages to be derived from improvements of the kind contemplated by the governor's message.
Canal navigation, particularly, had long been considered as an important item in the general economy of nations. Until a few years past, however, the U. States of America contented themselves with admiring, from the description of travellers, the magnificent works of this kind which have been accomplished in the other quarters of the globe. - -Of late however, they appear to have awakened from their lethargy. There being scarcely a state in the union which had not some project of this kind in contemplation or in active progress to completion. The state of New York and Virginia have taken the lead in this patriotic race. In the former a most stupendous work of this description has been commenced, prosecuted with ardor, and completed to a point to be immediately useful, leaving no doubt of the speedy accomplishment of the whole plan. Virginia had created a separate department to superintend her internal improvements, and adopted the prosecution of these improvements as a settled and permanent principle of her policy.
If we can judge of the temper of the state from the ardor with which its executive had recommended the subject to the attention of the legislature, Pennsylvania will not be outdone by her sister states, in this honorable and useful career.
It remains for the legislature to determine whether Ohio will disregard these laudable examples, remain insensible to her present interests - -the interests of posterity and the advantages which bountiful providence had put within her reach. If her pecuniary resources are not as ample as those of some of the state, she has the power of affecting more with smaller means than any other does or ever did possess. Her northern and southern boundaries are washed by water which form part of two immense channels, of internal communication, which have perhaps, no parallel on the whole globe.
A canal, the cost of which would not, in Europe, be considered as beyond the efforts of a single individual, would unite these great natural channels, enable your merchants without the risk and danger of a sea voyage, to bring together, for the purpose of commerce, the products of high northern latitudes and those of the tropical climate, and to all your citizens the choice of a market at more than 2000 miles apart. Nor are these the motives for the accomplishment of this import work.
If the farmer can see in it the means of future prosperity and the merchant the prospect of great commercial advantages - -the politician will also discover the facilities which it will give to the operations of war, and the patriot rejoice in the new bond of union and concord between the distant members of this rising empire.
Your committee have not been able to…* insurmountable difficulty to the …* ment of this important work….* they dare not believe that…* state any local jealousies…* commencement or im-…*. The plan which they propose will be best understood by the bill and resolution herewith submitted to confining the location of the northern part of the proposed canal to the lands which the United States have lately acquired from the Indian tribes; they were governed by the consideration that congress might be introduced to make an appropriation of the par of the lands thro' which it will pass, to aid in the accomplishment of the object. Your committee believe that it would not be difficult to convince that honorable body, that apart from other motives, the treasury would ultimately gain by such an appropriation from the great appreciation which the completion of the canal would give to the adjacent lands.
Abstract 2366 - CR Feb. 8:2/2,3 [Pages 1052 and 1053]
The following are the most prominent features on the bill alluded to in the above report.
Sec. 1. That…* be, and they are hereby appointed commissioners for locating a route for a canal between Lake Erie and the Ohio river, to commence on the former, eitheron some part of the Sandusky bay, or between said bay and the foot of the Miami Rapids, and thence by the most eligible route to the Ohio river. Sec. 2, authorises the commissioners to appoint engineers, assistants, chain carriers, & c. and to allow them compensation. Sec. 3, designates the duties, &c. Sec. 4. That if at the present session of congress, a law should be passed for appropriating part of the lands through which said canal may pass, to aid in the construction thereof, the route designated by commissioners, from its commencement to the old Indian boundary line, shall be considered as fixed, &c.
The following report and resolutions, on the subject is controversy between the United States bank and the state of Ohio, have been agreed to by the senate:
The committee to whom was referred a resolution of the general assembly of the state of Pennsylvania, proposing an amendment to the constitution of the United States, declaring that "congress shall make no law to erect or incorporate any bank or other monied institution except within the district of Columbia, and every other monied institution which shall be established by the authority of congress shall, together with its branches, and offices of discount and deposit be confined to the district of Columbia;"
Have had the same under consideration and are of opinion that there is nothing in the constitution of the United States either expressed or implied that vests in congress the right to pass such a law: and that an attempt to erect any such bank or other monied institution under an act of congress within any state, without the consent of such state having been first obtained, is a dangerous violation of sovereign rights reserved to themselves.
Nevertheless with a view to prevent the repetition of so dangerous a misconstruction of the constitution, your committee recommend a concurrence in the resolution of the general assembly of the state of Pennsylvania, in the works following, viz: "Resolved by the senate and house of representatives of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania in general assembly met, that the following amendment be prepared to the constitution of the United States, viz: congress shall make no law to erect or incorporate any bank or monied institution, except within the district of Columbia; and every bank or other monied institution which shall be established by the authority if congress shall ,together with its branched and offices of discount and deposit be confined to the district of Columbia."
Therefore, Resolved by the general Assembly of the state of Ohio that they concur in the aforesaid resolution of the general assembly of the state of Pennsylvania; and that our representatives in congress by requested to use their exertions to procure the adoption of an amendment to the constitution of the U.S. as herein expressed.
Resolved, that the governor be requested to transmit copies of the foregoing report and resolution to each of our senators and representatives in congress, and also to transmit like copies to the executive of the several states, wit a request that they lay the same before the legislature thereof, soliciting, their cooperation is procuring the adoption of the foregoing amendment.
Abstract 2428 - CR Feb. 22:3/1,2 [Page 1086]
FROM THE HARRISBURGH CHRONICLE,
REDUCTION OF SALARIES, etc.
The public mind had been anxious as to the course that would be pursued by the legislature on the subject of the reduction of salaries, fees, and members' compensation; and will be somewhat relieved by the bill introduced into the House of Representatives, on the 26th inst. by Mr. Coulter. What may be the fate of the bill is not for us to say: but we will say that the voice of the people is decisively in favor of retrenchment; and this is not only with regard to salaries: fees, and members' compensation - -but also as respects the abolition of useless offices, and the razeeing of Clerks in the publick offices.
(This bill contemplates the reduction of the governor's salary to 4,000 dollars, the secretary of the commonwealth to 1600 dollars, and the…* perdium of the members of the legislature to…** dollars. It also contemplates the reduction of fees of sheriffs, prothonetaries, aldermen and justices of the peace, etc.
"A bill is about to be reported, appropriating, 300,000 dollars for certain internal improvements; 12,000 for the Deleware, 15,000 for the Allegheny and Ohio, and a subscription of 50,000 dollars to the Union canal, and a guarantee of six per cent interest upon the stock of the said canal company for twenty years the various other appropriations are for the most useful objects. I anxiously trust that these measures will be adopted."
The senate have passed, without amendment the bill for relief of insolvent, debtors, which goes to prevent imprisonment for debt, when the debtor takes the benefit of that law.
(From Annals of Cleveland - 1818-1935, Volume I (1820). Cleveland: Cleveland WPA. 1937.)
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