Abstracts Concerning Canals

* 1822, Aug. 1 through Dec. 31 *
Cleveland Herald

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About the organization of this material

Each abstract begins with a "reference line," such as: 16 - CGCR July 31:2/3,4.
This is the code which the Annals staff used to identify the following information:

16 -- the number assigned to this abstract
CGCR -- the newspaper it was taken from (here, the Register)
July 31 -- the month and day it appeared in the paper
2/3,4 -- page 2, columns 3 and 4

An ed placed between the date and the page/column information (i.e. July 31; ed:1,2) means that the abstract is from an editorial. If adv appears in that location, it indicates that the abstract is from an advertisement.

For more information, please see the Introductory Materials from the Annals, and select the desired year and publication from the menu.

[note: for the digital edition, "abstract" has been included at the beginning of each reference line, and the name of the newspaper has been spelled out in the first reference line of each page.]

The material which follows was scanned from the original printed Annals, proof-read and corrected to replicate the original as closely as possible.

* Digitized Material *

Abstract 39 - H[erald] Aug. 1; ed:3/1

Mr. Geddes has now spent about 12 weeks surveying Ohio, the purpose of which is to determine the best possible route by which a canal may be used to connect the Ohio river with Lake Erie.

Mr. Geddes, at latest reports, is said to be studying the possibilities of the Black river as one of the connecting channels.

"The final location of the Canal is altogether problematical. A State abounding with so many streams and of such extensive and champaign surface, may contain avenues for its passage which have not yet attracted notice from any one. A latitude of opinion upon the subject, however, is, in the meantime, no ways forbidden; and seems to be pretty generally improved as interest and wishes dictate." (12)

Abstract 40 - H Aug. 8:3/1

In a letter to the editor, Alfred Kelley says: In your remarks on the subject of the Ohio Canal, contained in your last number, I have noticed some errors which may possibly mislead public opinion and create sectional jealousies unfavorable to the ultimate accomplishment of the project....

"It is the business of the Commissioners, by the aid of the Engineer, to ascertain facts; and after having done so, to communicate to the General Assembly their opinion derived from that knowledge, together with those facts upon which their opinion is built: so that the Legislature and the people of the State may determine for themselves the correctness or error of the conclusions which the Commissioners may deduce from known premises. This duty the Commissioners are determined to perform as fully and impartially as it lies in their power to do.

"As far as simple facts are ascertained, the Commissioners can have no objections to communicating them to the public: But it would, as I conceive be very indiscreet and improper for them to hazard opinions as to the superior advantages or disadvantages of any particular route, until the requisite knowledge has been acquired upon which they could safely build those opinions." (13)

Abstract 41 - H Aug. 8; ed:3/1,2

"All will readily suppose, that the commissioners of the Erie canal, being seldom together, and sometimes not apprised of the progress of the surveys; will often be unable to furnish information of a definitive character upon the subject. Yet, when a voluntary opinion is expressed, the papers communicate it, qualified as it is; and the public, knowing from whence it is derived, will necessarily put upon it the weight it deserves." (9)

Abstract 42 H Aug. 8; ed:3/2,3

There has been considerable discussion and dissension among the commissioners of the Erie canal as to the termination of it on the western side.

"Those who direct the location of the Canal need not be told that there is an immense country at the west, now settled and soon to be thronged with people, who are deeply interested in its progress, who are to load it with produce, and who are to prosper or suffer, accordingly as it shall be judiciously established. To us it seems unfortunate that the mere question of a harbor, already determined in favor of the mouth of the Creek, should retard its completion. We have no fears on this subject; but look forward in hope that the Canal itself, permanently located and abundantly supplied with water, may receive its finishing stroke with the least possible delay." (19)

Abstract 43 - H Aug, 22; ed:3/1,2

Commissioner Kelley in his recent communication to us suggested that we refrain from publishing news on the Ohio canal, as it creates sectional jealousies, and, besides, nothing is certain on the question yet.

"We do not see any substantial reason for us to acquiesce in the suggestion that the subject of the Canal had better be excluded from the newspapers. An interchange of sentiment as the work of exploring progresses can have no influence upon the final report of those who superintend it.... The Canal is a project of general utility, and is to be approached with views both broad and liberal, or in the absence of such feelings, to be entirely let alone; and we think we can speak with some certainty for ourselves, that the interests of the State, aside from local predilections, will always regulate our exertions in its favor." (12)

Abstract 44 - H Sept. 5; ed:3/1

A meeting of the canal commissioners was to have been held at Columbus on Sept. 2. "When the result of this meeting shall be communicated, and the conclusions of the Commissioners made known, if there is no objection from our neighbors on the right and left to the diffusion of this kind of intelligence, we shall embrace the earliest opportunity to make it public." (4)

Abstract 45 - H Sept. 5; ed:3/1,2

"We know of no subject at the present time that takes preference to that of the Canal policy, nor any one that holds a stronger connection with the interests of all classes throughout the state. The eye of the most superficial observer of a journal finds employment whenever its importance is spoken of; and there is nothing among the passing news, here or elsewhere, that furnishes equal amusement or instruction.... The common field of conversation and profitable inquiry is extended among the old and the young in general, leading to speculative comparisons of the eventual growth of one section, and the decay of another; the concentration of wealth and business in this or that neighborhood, and its consequent decrease in a less favored vicinity, with the essential effect that our home advantages will soon have on the common prosperity, all tending to enlarge our acquaintance with the State, to promote a community of feeling among individuals, and more closely connect the social ties and interests of the inhabitants. These are some of the benefits derivable from the Canal policy, in the present incipient stage of its progress, already producing, as a little observation will show, a salutary and wholesome influence, and one which, should be every where encouraged." (10)

Abstract 46 - H Sept. 19:3 /1

The canal commissioners at their meeting on Sept. 4 determined on continuing the surveys and examinations in order to ascertain the practicability of constructing canals on the several proposed routes; and also to enable them to make a rough estimate of the expense of constructing a canal on each of the several routes which, on further examination, shall be found practicable. (14)

Abstract 47 - H Sept. 19; ed:3/2

A steam-boat to ply on the canal is now being built by Avery and Scovel of Pompey, N. Y.

"If these gentlemen succeed in their attempts to render steam power practicable when applied on the Canal, it will be a grand and useful acquisition indeed. The opinion generally entertained has been unfavorable to this method of propelling boats on canals, by reason of the motion produced by the wheels, and the consequent concussion of the water against the banks. If the construction of the machinery is such as to threaten no injury to the canal, by wearing away the soil on the sides, we may consider the experiment as already fully and satisfactorily tested." (4)

H Sept. 19:3/2 - See Politics & Government - Ohio

H Sept. 26; ed:3/2 - See Politics & Government - Ohio

Abstract 48 - H Oct. 10; adv:3/4

Notice is hereby given that a petition will be presented to the next legislature of this state for an act of incorporation to open a canal from the falls of Black river in Elyria to boatable waters on the same. (1)

Abstract 49 - H Nov. 7; ed:3/1,2

An intelligent friend of ours says: "I find the 'Canal Policy' commands the anxious attention of the good people of Ohio. And I doubt not the wisdom and resources of the State will ere long carry it into effect.

(H) "'Wisdom and resources' are truly all the undertaking requires; and however fallacious the idea may be deemed by those who judge by the surface of things, we apprehend that we possess them both, in no small degree. In support of this, we look no further than to the enterprize and strength of the great body of people. This is not so much of a financial question as to depend for decision upon the treasury receipts; but admits a more extensive range of calculation, no less certain and efficient than accumulated revenue itself. For actual labor, done and performed by the hands of men, constitutes the whole process; and whether this be purchased and bestowed through the medium of surplus capital, or proceeds directly from the people, it is the same in its effect." (8)

Abstract 50 - H Nov. 21:3/2

The Great Western canal is now completed from Rochester to the Little Falls, and packet boats run daily between those places, a distance of 170 miles. (1)

Abstract 51 - H Dec. 5:3/4

A plan is projected to unite the waters of Lake Ontario with Lake Champlain by a canal across the country from Ogdensburg to Plattsburg. The expense of completing this canal will not, it is supposed, exceed $1,500,000. (1)

(From Annals of Cleveland - 1818-1935, Volume V (1822), pages 163 through 166. Cleveland: Cleveland WPA. 1937.)

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Cleveland's First Infrastructure: the Ohio & Erie Canal from George Washington to Alfred Kelley

Last updated June 16, 1999