Abstracts Concerning Canals

* 1825, Jan. 1 through Apr. 30 *
Cleveland Herald

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About the organization of this material

Each abstract begins with a "reference line," such as: 16 - CGCR July 31:2/3,4.
This is the code which the Annals staff used to identify the following information:

16 -- the number assigned to this abstract
CGCR -- the newspaper it was taken from (here, the Register)
July 31 -- the month and day it appeared in the paper
2/3,4 -- page 2, columns 3 and 4

An ed placed between the date and the page/column information (i.e. July 31; ed:1,2) means that the abstract is from an editorial. If adv appears in that location, it indicates that the abstract is from an advertisement.

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[note: for the digital edition, "abstract" has been included at the beginning of each reference line, and the name of the newspaper has been spelled out in the first reference line of each page.]

The material which follows was scanned from the original printed Annals, proof-read and corrected to replicate the original as closely as possible.

* Digitized Material *

Abstract 29 - H[erald] Jan. 14; ed:3/1

The Cincinnati ADVERTISER says that canals should not be public property. "Let the government foster and encourage public improvements but let those improvements be done by individuals, and let individuals enjoy the profits arising from those improvements."

"If the projectors of the New York Canals were to see this, they would doubtless consider it the quiz of some wag; but the Editor of the ADVERTISER appears to be in earnest.... Many objections will arise against entrusting such extensive works in the hands of individuals, and we are satisfied the people will never consent to it, until all other means of promoting them shall have failed. The people of New-York would not even entrust their Legislature with the power of disposing of their Canals, as a clause was introduced into their new Constitution which prohibits them from exercising that authority."

Abstract 30 - H Jan. 28; ed:3/1

The Jan. 15 MONITOR says that a bill for the canal had been reported in the Senate but had not been acted upon.

"The impression appears to be very general, that the Canal bill will become a law. The vote in the negative, in the House, on the new mode of levying taxes, is said to test the strength of the opposition to the Canal policy."

Abstract 31 - H Feb. 4; ed:3/1

The canal bill passed the Senate with a unanimity unparalleled in the history of works of similar importance.

"There can be scarcely a doubt of its passage in the House of Representatives. It is probable the Legislature have adjourned by this time; and we hope to learn, before our next publication, the final determination of the General Assembly on a subject involving the future prosperity and wealth of the State."

Abstract 32 - H Feb. 11; ed:3/1

The bill for the internal improvement of Ohio was adopted in the House of Representatives on Jan. 28 by a vote of 58 to 13.

"The unanimity manifested on this subject is no less unexpected than pleasing. Although the question has long been agitated and maturely considered, the most ardent friends of the Canals could hardly have anticipated such an overwhelming majority, on the final passage of a Bill for their establishment.... Let the people adhere to their public servants who have thus shown their devotion to the public welfare, and Ohio will soon vie with her most favorable sisters, in wealth, power and resources." (9)

Abstract 33 - H, Feb. 18; ed:3/1

Among the members of the legislature from this section of the state, who supported the Canal bill we observe the names of Messrs. Wright and Ruggles of Sandusky, Wheeler of Geauga, Harper of Ashtabula, and Hine of Trumbull.

"Some of these gentlemen were among the most influential advocates of the Canal system; the reflection that they have aided in promoting the prosperity of a great and growing commonwealth, will exalt them far above the reach of the malevolence of little minds." (3)

Abstract 34 - H Feb. 18; ed:3/1

The canal commissioners are to meet at Wooster on May 5 next for the purpose of locating the line of the canal from Coshocton to the lake shore.

"The Commissioners and Engineers appear carefully to avoid expressing any opinion on the subject; but that the canal will terminate at Cleaveland, we entertain no doubt." (2)

Abstract 35 - H Feb. 25; ed:3/1

We perceive the Sandusky CLARION has commenced the publication of Colonel Kilbourn's soporiferous essays on the subject of supplying a canal route on the Sandusky summit with water.

"They were plentifully distributed among the members of the Legislature, during the late session; and we are told their effects were wonderful in producing somnolency." (2)

Abstract 36 - H Mar. 4; ed:3/1

A few citizens of Sandusky have avowed their determination to procure a private engineer to survey their canal route. They insist that Judge Bates' report is partial and not to be relied on.

"To prevent disappointment, they will do well to have the streams gauged immediately after a heavy rain; and if they should stipulate that the services of the Engineer should be gratuitous, unless he will make a favorable report, and swear to it, it would be an additional security. If any of the editors of the 'kennel presses' in New York, who opposed the construction of the 'big ditch' in that State, are acquainted with an Engineer possessing the requisite qualifications - one not over scrupulous, who is willing to conform to the wishes of his employers, they are requested to drop a line (post-paid) to the Editor of the Sandusky CLARION.

Abstract 37 - H Mar. 4; ed:3/1

In connection with the canal, the Sandusky CLARION of the 19th ultimo says: "The false, fraudulent and corrupt report of the canal conspirators has been accepted; the ignorance, the avarice, and the timidity of the members of the Legislature, have been made subservient; and those who were not actually in the conspiracy, have been either duped or bribed, or frightened into the adoption of the infernal plan."

"What kind, conciliatory language! How mild and disinterested! Their sentiments, it is true, have undergone a little change, since it was discovered that their route is unsupplied with water, and that the Canal cannot pass by their own doors. What they once thought expedient and proper, is now the height of folly and extravagance; but no reasonable man can expect the people of Sandusky City to regard the interests of the State at large, when put in competition with their own."

Abstract 38 - H Mar. 18; ed:3/1,2

A meeting was held a day or two ago at New Haven, Huron county, to take into consideration the subject of the Ohio canal, its location, &c. On Mar. 9, a meeting was held at Warren, Trumbull county, on the same subject, where resolutions were adopted decidedly hostile to the canal. The proceedings indicate an intention to embarrass the negotiations, probably now progressing, to make the necessary loans.

"There is unquestionably an overwhelming majority in the State decidedly friendly to the proceedings of our last General Assembly. Attempts to excite the fears of capitalists in the stability of our public councils, cannot arrest the progress of the work. It is a measure of State policy almost unanimously adopted, after the most mature and deliberate consideration. If money-lenders could be induced to believe there was a possibility of our forfeiting our plighted faith, it might slightly effect the terms of the loan; but the very suggestion is a slander upon the country. Such disgraceful conduct, on the part of a free and enlightened State, is not recorded in history; and we are sure that Ohio will not be the first to set so infamous an example."

Abstract 39 - H Apr. 1; ed:3/1,2

The annual report of the New York canal commissioners was made to the legislature of that state on Mar. 4. It gives an encouraging account of the progress and prospects of these stupendous works. The tolls collected on the canals during the past year amounted to $340,761.07. The commissioners estimate that at the present rate of toll, sufficient produce, merchandise, and other articles can be transported on the canals to produce an annual revenue of $9,031,176.

"Every year more fully develops the wisdom of the Canal policy. The projectors of those splendid undertakings have found their most sanguine expectations exceeded, with respect to their feasibility and public usefulness; and the revenue they will yield, when completed, must in a few years liquidate the debt contracted for their construction. The wealth and resources of the State of New York will then be immense.

"We all remember the opposition the Canal project experienced, in that State, when first brought before the Legislature.... The policy triumphed, and its enemies are silent and confounded. The opposition now arrayed against the Ohio Canal, can no more be compared to that which was encountered in New York, than the chirping of crickets to the roaring of lions. The project was new and novel, which gave the opposition a wide field for the exercise of their baneful influence. The subject has now been tested, and we have a practical example of the wealth and greatness which can be acquired by facilitating the means of internal communication. Under these circumstances, the people of this State can neither be cajoled by sophistry, nor deceived by the patriotic pretensions of those whose views of public good are blinded by self-interest and private hatred." (30)

Abstract 40 - H Apr. 8; ed:3/1

We observe in the Philadelphia DEMOCRATIC PRESS of Mar. 22 the proceedings of the meeting held in Trumbull county on the subject of the Ohio canals, which are introduced with the following remarks by the editor of that paper: "The following proceedings are published at the request of an intelligent friend in Ohio.... He considers the undertaking of the Canals as a measure that will press the people to the earth with taxes. Its unpopularity is so great that it is expected the law for borrowing the money and pledging the faith of the State for the payment of the interest will be repealed at the next session of the Legislature. Is there not some danger that what was the Bank mania may become a Canal mania, and prematurely divert our funds and our industry?"

"Our readers are aware that the valley of the Ohio carries on an extensive trade with the City of Philadelphia; and it is also well understood, that a Canal from Lake Erie to the Ohio River would divert the trade into other channels, and thereby destroy an important and lucrative branch of the commerce of the emporium of Pennsylvania. It should also be remembered, that there is such a thing as State pride; and for one of the oldest, largest and richest of the confederacy, to witness a younger sister rivaling herself in improvement, will naturally produce a spice of envy and distrust. Under these circumstances, it is not particularly surprising that Mr. Binns should so readily have adopted the opinions of his correspondent, and in an unostentatious manner throw the weight of his opinion in the money market against us." (15)

Abstract 41 - H Apr. 15:3/1

Nathan S. Roberts, Esq., one of the principal engineers employed on the New York canals, arrived in this village a few days ago. He has been engaged to superintend the location of the Ohio canal from Coshocton to Lake Erie, and to complete the estimates of the expense of the different routes in contemplation. (3)

Abstract 42 - H Apr. 15; ed:3/2

"It appears the foolish attempts of some of our citizens to prevent loans being made to commence our Canals, have failed to produce the effect intended. Letters from Ohio in opposition to the Canals, published in the New York papers, are turned in rhyme, or 'doggrelized,' as they call it, and again ushered forth in the same journals." (3)

Abstract 43 - H Apr. 22; ed:3/1

Our readers will see from an extract copied from a New York paper that the loan, authorized by the last legislature, has been negotiated.

"This intelligence is gratifying at this time especially as considerable exertions have been made by disaffected and designing individuals to defeat the object of the loan commissioners, and retard the commencement of the canals." (3)

Abstract 44 - H Apr. 22; ed:3/1

We look forward with pleasure to the meeting of the canal commissioners, which will take place at Wooster on May 5, to locate the northern section of the canal and designate the point where it shall intersect Lake Erie.

"Every preliminary will then have been made preparatory to fixing the line and placing it under contract. This state will then have, in fact, entered upon a work of the noblest character, with an unanimity seldom if ever equalled, and with prospects that promise much to the present and future generations." (3)

Abstract 45 - H Apr. 29; ed:3/1

The Painesville TELEGRAPH publishes an account of the proceedings of a meeting held in that village on Apr. 18 for the purpose of expressing the individual views in opposition to the construcion of the proposed canal.

"The preamble on which the resolutions of the meeting are predicated is a mixture of absurdity and misrepresentations....

"There is no truth in the statement that this state is indebted to the United States in a million dollars, or the United States Bank in three millions, or to either in one-tenth of that sum. Individuals in this state, as in all other sections of our country, owe money, and whether or not, in some cases, to large amounts, is not worthy of inquiry; but that the state is in any way subject to foreign claims, or its individuals in debt beyond what is ordinarily the case throughout the Union, is not only without foundation, but an assertion unjust in respect to our character and disreputable in those by whom it is preferred." (6)

Abstract 46 - H Apr. 29:3/1

In a letter to the editor, "A Spectator" says: "I am inclined to think that an argument made use of by advocates of the Kilbuck and Black river line of canal is not well understood by most of the good people in the community. It is admitted on all hands that New York is the place where the west must seek a market. This is the great purpose for which the canal was undertaken. The distance there by way of the main line of the canal and the lake to New York in favor of the Kilbuck and Black river will not exceed four miles instead of 32 miles as has so largely been calculated upon." (5)

(From Annals of Cleveland - 1818-1935, Volume VIII (1825), pages 162 through 166. Cleveland: Cleveland WPA. 1937.)

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