Researched and Compiled



Samuel J. Tamburro

copyright 1997 Samuel J. Tamburro


A research project funded by an Urban University Project grant and the University of Akron's Department of History.


September 1997



I would like to extend my gratitude to the University of Akron, Department of History and the Urban University Project program for providing funding for this research. I also would like to thank Dr. Elizabeth Mancke, Dr. Lynn Metzger, and Dr. Jim Ross for allowing me to be involved in such an ambitious and perceptive project. I hope the constructive work we began this summer will continue to expand in the future.





Table of Contents







Barberton Public Library



Ohio Historical Society



Stark County Historical Society



Wayne County Historical Society



Western Reserve Historical Society


Ohio Canal Books


Ohio Canal Articles


Dissertations and Theses


General Canal Studies




















Dissertations and Theses





























New York









Dissertations and Theses











Dissertations and Theses











Dissertations and Theses




This bibliography began as an Urban University Project to access the primary source materials extant on the Ohio & Erie Canal. As the search progressed, it became apparent that no reference guide existed that listed the primary or secondary sources for the Ohio & Erie Canal or any other Ohio canal. Throughout my research, I was encouraged by Dr. Elizabeth Mancke and Dr. Lynn Metzger, project advisors, to expand my scope to include secondary sources of other states canal systems and to find studies that placed the Ohio & Erie Canal and other Ohio canals into a larger "Transportation Revolution" context. Our goal was to produce a bibliography that would serve as a scholarly reference guide to Ohio canals where none previously existed. I believe we have succeeded.

The major objective was to discern what primary source materials exist for the Ohio & Erie Canal. As you will discover, there are rich historical resources in both the Ohio Historical Society and the Western Reserve Historical Society. I have also included the Barberton Public Library and Stark and Wayne County Historical Societies because of their copious files of newspaper clippings. A vertical file of clipped newspaper articles can save a researcher hours, if not days, of endless searching through rolls of microfilm.

Time restraints limited the scope of materials included in the bibliography. Along with the Ohio canal systems, I incorporated information on canals in New York, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and the Old Northwest (Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Wisconsin). With the exception of the primary source section for Ohio, all of the works cited are secondary and are accessible at the University of Akron's Bierce Library or through Ohio Link's inter-library loan.

It was also necessary to limit the type of entries included in the bibliography. I used judicious discretion in citing engineering studies about canals while listing nearly all of the works available on the social impacts of canals. With regard to periodicals, I decided not to include the Canal Society of Ohio's Towpaths or the American Canal Society's American Canals. Although both contain useful information, their distribution range is limited, which makes access for researchers difficult. Many of the journals cited are subscribed to by most major research libraries and are readily available.

Finally, this compilation is by no means a definitive bibliography of the Ohio & Erie or any other canal system. But, I hope my research will aid scholars, students, researchers, and other individuals who seek additional information concerning canals. There may be a future opportunity to revise and expand this study to include other historical repositories as well as an index with cross-referencing and limited annotation. I truly hope this revision occurs, but until then, enjoy the following information.

Sam Tamburro
Painesville, Ohio


The Barberton Public Library
602 West Park Avenue
Barberton, Ohio 44203

Akron: New Portage to Old Portage. Canal Society of Ohio, Spring Tour, 1990.

"Brief History of the Ohio & Erie Canal." Typescript. 42 pages. Author unknown.

The Canawler. Canal Fulton, OH: Canal Society of Ohio. No date.

Commencement of the Ohio Canal at the Licking Summit. 4 July 1825. (Reprint Columbus, OH: F.J. Heer Printing Company, 1926).

Cook, Lewis K. "Bard of the Ohio Canal." Columbus Dispatch. 26 May 1940.

"Digging the Past." Akron Beacon Journal. 27 December 1991.

Downing, Robert. "Ohio's Canal To Nowhere." Akron Beacon Journal. 27 March 1988.

Downing, Robert. "Old Aqueduct Needs Repair." Akron Beacon Journal. 2 April 1988.

"Fighting was a Way of Life ." Akron Beacon Journal. 20 October 1963.

Gieck, Jack. Ohio's Canal Era: The Ditch that Brought the World to the Wilderness. (Discussion Guide for the three part video series).

Hunker, Robert, and Grabowski, John J. A Historical and Tourist Guide to Peninsula and the Ohio & Erie Canal. No date. No publisher.

Maturi, Richard J. "Locked in Memory." Akron Beacon Journal. 20 January 1991.

Musarra, Russ. "Hidden Treasures." Akron Beacon Journal. 6 April 1997.

Nye, Robert Pearl. Barberton Canal Corridor Master Plan: Ohio & Erie Canal, Cleveland to Deep Lock Level in 1886. Terry K. Woods (ed.). Barberton, OH: Barberton City Council, 1993.

"Ohio Canal History." Typescript. Author unknown.

"Once Again, A Barge Canal." Akron Beacon Journal. 28 January 1986.

Reid, Ronald. An Overview of Ohio's Canals: Past and Present. Akron, OH: Canal Society of Ohio, 1982.

A Route to Prosperity: A Study by the National Park Service of the Ohio & Erie Canal Corridor. Omaha, NE: National Park Service, 1993.

Sowd, David. "Broken Booted Canal." Akron Beacon Journal. 27 April 1986.

Turner, Larry C. "The Portage Lakes Feeder System-Ohio & Erie Canal." Akron, OH: Canal Society of Ohio, 1987.

Weiss, Barbara. "He Traveled the Canal Road to Poetry." Cleveland Press. 3 September 1977.

Worthley, Georganne. "Down a 100 Years with the Old Ohio Canal." Cleveland Plain Dealer. 22 May 1932; 5 June 1932; 19 June 1932.

The Ohio room of the Barberton Library includes a bound collection of newspaper article relating to the Ohio & Erie Canal at the turn of the century. There is also a vertical file tracing the history of the Ohio & Erie Canal Corridor.

1982 Velma Road
Columbus, Ohio 43211


Barker, Jacob A. (1779-1871). Papers 1835-1860. Lawyer and Land speculator in Toledo, Ohio and was related to the development of the Miami & Erie Canal. MSS #50.

Bartley, Mordecai. (1783-1870). Papers 1826-1846. State legislator, U.S. Representative, Governor of Ohio 1845-1846. Includes material on canal maintenance and banks. MSS #299.

Bebb, William. (1802-1873) Papers 1846-1849. Includes material on state banks and canal construction. MSS #300.

Brasee John Trafford. (1800-1880) Papers 1828-1898. Lawyer from Gallapolis and Lancaster, Ohio. Correspondence and other letters relating to his law practice and the Lancaster Lateral Canal Company. Prominent Whig in Ohio. MSS #35.

Edgerton, Alfred Peck. (1813-1897). Papers 1841-1884. Land Agent, State Legislator, U.S. Representive, and businessman of Hicksville, Ohio. Letter books, cash books, and warranty deeds. General Manager of the Walbash & Erie Canal. MSS #629.

Gest, Erasmus. (1820-1908). Surveyor, engineer, and railroad magnet. Business and personal correspondence, primarily incoming. Engineering reports of trains and railroads in Ohio, scaled drawing of the Pennsylvania Canal, Journals and diaries of trips. MSS #35

Howe, Richard (1799-1872) Papers 1826-1871. Ohio surveyor and civil engineer. Correspondence includes deeds, leases, contract bills, and engineering memos relating to the Ohio & Erie Canal and Howe's personal affairs in Akron. Includes: Abner L Backus, Jacob Blickenderfer, Alfred Kelly, Robert Nugen, and Leader Ransom. MSS #103.

Kelly, Alfred. (1789-1859). Papers 1818-1866. Lawyer, state legislator, and canal commissioner. Mostly family correspondence. Excerpts from family journal. MSS #151.

Kilbourne, James. (1770-1850). Family papers 1802-1906. President of Worthington College, state legislator, and a U.S. Representative from Ohio. Correspondence relating to land transactions, political proceedings, and figures pertaining to the Ohio and Erie Canal. MSS #332.

Kilgore, Daniel. (1793-1851). Papers 1820-1884. Correspondence, receipts, and statements of Cadiz, Ohio. Merchant banker, railroad executive, state legislator. Information regarding financing of the Ohio & Erie Canal. MSS #197.

Lapham, Increase Allen (1811-1875). Papers 1834-1875. Geologist and Botanist correspondences relate to the geology and the botany of Ohio and Wisconsin during the Canal Era. MSS #216.

Lucas, Robert. (1781-1853). Papers 1810-1838. Governor of Ohio, 1832-1836. Letters include information on the National Road and the Ohio & Erie Canal. MSS #294.

Nixon, Family Papers. (1816-1936). Family descended from members of the Society of Separatists at Zoar, Ohio. Consists of general business correspondence, financial documents, copybooks, and daybooks. Majority of the collection is written in German with English synopsis. MSS #680.

Nye, Pearl R. (1872-1950) Papers 1870-1937. Song writer and canal boat captain from Akron, Ohio. Folk songs written and collected by Nye, some of which were sung on the Ohio & Erie Canal. MSS #60

Nye, Pearl R. (1872-1950). Papers 1872 -1950. Transcripts of lyrics and melodies to Nye's recordings of canal songs he heard as a boy on the Ohio & Erie Canal. MSS #826.

Outwaite, Joseph Hodson. (1841-1907). Papers 1896-1904. Lawyer employed by the state to recover canal land in Hamilton County, Ohio. Ohio v. The Victor Lock Company. MSS #41.

Rice, Charles Elmer (1735-1810) Dentist from Alliance, Ohio. Personal diary and correspondence with important Ohioans. MSS #1

Sturges Family Papers. (1817-1945). First merchants to settle in Mansfield Ohio (1815). Topics include abolition, land, shipping, the Civil War, and personal matters. MSS #539.

Tappan, Benjamin. (1773-1857). Papers 1795-1873. Jurist and U.S. Senator from Ohio. Abolitionist and a member of the Ohio Canal Commission. MSS #326.

Urbana Banking Collection (1814-1872). Papers deal with the financing of the Miami & Erie Canal and the Lake Erie Railroad. MSS # 126.

Vance, Joesph. (1786-1852). Papers 1808-1838. State Legislator, U.S. Representative and Governor of Ohio 1836-1838. Chiefly correspondence relating to geological survey, banking, and state improvements. MSS #295.

Wetmore, Charles Henry (1783-1868). Papers 1805-1968. Physician in Ohio and New York. His papers include medical journals and his experiences traveling on New York's Erie and the Ohio & Erie Canals. MSS #242.

Wildman Family (1862-1866). Family and business correspondence regarding shipping products on the Ohio & Erie Canal. MSS #384.

Williams, Samuel (1786-1859). Papers 1805-1859. Deputy surveyor of the Ohio & Erie Canal. MSS #148.


Ashton and Ewing. Scattered papers. 29 Canal bills of lading from various dates showing the boats material manifest. VFM #1178.

Bartlett, C.O. (typescript) 10 September 1931. A history of the Ohio Canal. VFM #2204.

Buckingham, Eban. Letter 8 May 1826 from E. Buckingham, Putnam, Ohio to William B. Thrall, Circleville, Ohio relating to problems met in securing a loan to build a section of the Ohio & Erie Canal. VFM #286, #3355.

Canal Letters. (1825-1828) Includes the following: 12 May 1825, from D.B. Douglas, West Point, Ohio to John Bates, Rochester, New York; 16 March 1827 from Thomas Worthington, Adena, Ohio to David S. Bates, Newark, Ohio; 30 June 1828 from D.S. Bates to the Directors of the Louisville & Portland Canal Commission. (3 items). VFM # 2393.

Canal Letters. (1829-1838). Includes the following: 6 February 1836 John Dillon to Alfred Kelly; 28 March 1838 Sam Macracken to Leander Ransom; 15 December 1829 Leander Ransom to Alfred Kelly; 19 January 1834 James Geddes to Alfred Kelly; 28 February 1837 D.H. Beardsley to Leander Ransom. (6 items). VFM #2297.

Canal Letters. Mainly 1830 correspondence regarding the Ohio & Erie Canal to Chillicothe. (27 items). VFM #2417.

Clay, Henry. Scattered correspondences, 1826-1837, of Henry Clay including a letter to Nicholas Biddle to secure a loan for the Ohio & Erie Canal and an unsigned letter to Clay suggesting amendments to the U.S. Constitution relating to slavery and abolition. VFM #376.

Corwin, Thomas. Letter 5 September 1833 from Corwin, Lebanon, Ohio to Robert Buchanan and W.S. Hetch of Cincinnati, Ohio regarding canal financing. VFM #2492

Dooley, Jeremiah A. Letter 8 January 1839 from Dooley, Piqua Ohio, former editor of the Piqua Gazette, to David S. Oliver, Defiance, Ohio, telling of the prices paid by Lewis D. Webb for raccoon and muskrat skins and expresses criticism of the people of Defiance for expecting the Canal to make the city a prosperous point of entry. VFM #900.

Emery, Thomas. Letter 31 May 1842 Thomas Emery to R. Buchanan relating to Emery's claim for damages against the Whitewater Canal Company. VFM #729.

Fitch, John. (typescript copy of a letter). 30 September 1836 from Fitch, Toledo, Ohio to his parents giving a description of rivers and canals in Ohio. VFM #355.

Frew, John. Letter 25 January 1843 from John Frew, Cosocston, Ohio to John Johnson, Columbus, Ohio, regarding the adjustment of tolls on the Walhonding Canal. VFM #3362.

Hall, Charles. Typescript. No date. "Ohio Canals: Yesterday and Today." A brief history of the Ohio & Erie Canal. VFM #2270.

Harbaugh, Dennis. Letter 22 march 1851 from Harbaugh, New Lisbon, Ohio to Robert Holmes of the Holmes Mill regarding the ordering of materials. VFM #2922.

Howe, R. No date. Memorandum of the number of locks on the Ohio & Erie Canal citing the distance between them and their lifts commencing at the surface of Lake Erie in the city of Cleveland. VFM #164.

McCrea, William. Letters (1831-1849) to McCrea, Dayton, Ohio, relating largely to the merchandising and construction of the Ohio & Erie Canal. VFM #1118.

Miami & Erie Canal. Miscellaneous records, 1849-1858. Passenger list of canal boat Indiana 5 October 1849; Measurements of lock 13 1 May 1855; Notification of Curtis Hall of his appointment as acting commissioner in charge of the Northern Division 13 April 1858. VFM #1776.

McLean, Washington. (1819-1890). Letter 30 March 1841 Washington McLean to Robert Buchanan of Cincinnati, President of the Whitewater Canal Company requesting damage claims to the William Berry estate. VFM #556.

New York & Ohio Line. A 1835 advertisement for canal shipping and passenger lines running day and night on the Ohio & Erie Canal. A.B. Meech Company, forwarding agents, New York City. VFM #4080.

Peck, Richard M. Letter 14 November 1837 from Peck, Poland, Ohio to Thomas Peck relating to the canal system in Ohio. VFM #476.

Perrysburg, Ohio Town Council. Announcement of the Council that they are authorized to purchase the interest in the Perrysburg Canal & Hydraulic Company. VFM # 4235.

Piatt, John and Company. Business papers and legal papers of a Cincinnati banking company. Involved in financing the Miami & Erie Canal. VFM #2114.

Ridgway, J. Jr. Letter 10 July 1829 from Ridgway, Newark, Ohio to Micajah Williams, canal commissioner, regarding repairs to be made to the Hebron, Gilmore, and Hay aqueduct. VFM #2629.

Sandy & Beaver Canal Company. Stock Certificate. 3 November 1846 from S & B Canal company, New Lisbon, Ohio. VFM #1260.

Spear, John. Letter 11 April 1836 from Spear, owner of the Franklin Mills, Faulkertown, Ohio to Jacob Nichols, Wellburgh, Virginia regarding the sale of the paper mill and grist mill. Discusses the future construction of the Sandy & Beaver Canal. VFM #2923.

Titus, M. Letters dated September, 1836 and May 1837 from Titus to his wife Maria Titus describing a trip through Ohio on the Ohio & Erie Canal and various steam boats. VFM #517.

Walker, William. Letter 26 May 1839 from Walker, Danville, Pennsylvania to Robert Walker, Peach Bottom, Pennsylvania telling of his work on the canal and the prices of several products. (3 items). VFM #716.

Williams, Micajah T. (1792-1844). Contemporary copies of papers (1833-1836) relating to the Ohio Canal Commission and the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company. VFM #459.


Brown, Ethan Allen (1776-1852). Former Governor of Ohio (1818-1822) and was instrumental in promoting the Ohio & Erie Canal. Papers include correspondence with Alfred Kelly, De Witt Clinton, and Micajah Williams. MIC #96.

Giddings, Joshua Reed (1795-1864). Ohio legislator and antislavery advocate. Correspondence and diary. Involved with the approval of the Bill for Ohio & Erie Canal. MIC #7. (6 rolls).

Hammond, Charles (1779-1840). Papers 1801-1840. Lawyer and editor of the Cincinnati Gazette. Member of the Ohio General Assembly. Numerous letters dealing with Ohio politics. MIC #96.

Johnson, John. (1775-1861). Papers 1801-1860. Materials regarding the development of the Ohio & Erie Canal. MIC #125.

Trimble, Allen (1783-1870). Papers 1803-1859. Governor of Ohio and member of the Ohio Canal Commission. Papers include personal and business correspondence regarding the Ohio & Erie Canal. MIC #96

United States--General Land Office Records, 1796-1850. Selections from the Land Office Corps and records from the National Archives. Includes correspondence of Ohio surveyors, letters from the U.S. Land Office, and canal land records. MIC #29.

Worthington, Thomas (1773-1827). Papers 1796-1827. U.S. Senator and land developer. Papers include correspondence with the Ohio Canal Commission and various other political leaders. Diaries and memorandum books. MIC #96, #35.


Beale, Hugh. Ledger and daybook (1833-1843)of Hugh Beale, Shelby, Ohio (Van Buren Township, Sugar Grove, Defiance, Ohio)and include accounts with construction crews on the Miami & Erie Canal, 1840-1843. VOL #2.

Farmer's Memorandum Book, 1828-1873. Probably a member of the Bowman Family, Stark County, Ohio. Includes notation on the weather 1866-1873 and travel on the Erie Canal and the Ohio & Erie Canal. VOL #1.

Hunter, H.B. Letter copybook 22 May 1852 through 19 March 1856. Daily life in a canal town general store. Includes poetry. VOL #313.

Lancaster Lateral Canal Company. Includes the following: Stock subscription list 1827 to 1831; Cash book 1827-1839; Dividend records 1839; Letter Copy book 1842-1848. VOL #559-560.

Leonard, S.D. Receipt copybook 1863-1864 of S.D. Leonard, Basil, Ohio, for agricultural products shipped on the Ohio & Erie Canal primarily to Chas D. Miller and Company of Newark, Ohio. VOL #55.

Perine and Company. (1 volume). 1825-1829. Estimate book of Perine and Company for construction cost on the Ohio & Erie Canal. VOL #692.

Tallman, Stevenson and Company. Copybook, 1862-1864 and 1867 regarding Canal Winchester, Ohio and produce shipped on the Ohio & Erie Canal. VOL #418.

Whitacre, Thornton and Hyde, T. Avery, 1827-1828. Includes Whitacre and Hyde's, both of Dover, Ohio, general store accounts with canal workers on the 125 section of the Ohio & Erie Canal. VOL #202.


Canal Plan. Circa 1834. Submitted to the Ohio Board of Public Works listing the reasons for building the Miami & Erie Canal. 1 item. OVS #2357.

Ohio Board of Public Works. 10 August 1854. List of rules and specifications requiring the rebuilding of wooden canal locks 31 and 32 on the Miami & Erie Canal. OVS #1899.

Ohio. Auditor of State. November 1834. Tabular assessment of monthly toll receipts and statements for all Ohio canals for November 1833 through October 1834. OVS #1897.

Tolls on the Ohio Canal. No date. Chart showing the toll charges on the Ohio & Erie Canal for farm products and refined resources as determined by ports of departure and arrival. OVS #1883


Canal system of the State of Ohio--1834. Map shows the connection with the Pennsylvania Canal system. N.B. Molineax, engraver, Pittsburgh, PA., 1834. 28x31 cm. Map VFM #0017-8.

Ohio Board of Public Works. Land Grants to the state for Canal purposes. Map focuses on the Wabash & Erie and the Miami & Erie Canals. Ohio Board of Public Works, Columbus, Ohio, n.d. 43x39 cm. Map VFM #0088-2.

Ohio Board of Public Works. Map of Ohio showing existing, abandoned, and proposed canal routes. Ohio Board of Public Works, Columbus, Ohio 1898. 29x26 cm. Map VFM #0028-8.

Ohio Canals. Map showing Ohio and part of Pennsylvania with their latest canal improvements. James Yeager, Engraver, Philadelphia, PA: Atkinson, 1837. 8x10.5 in. Map VFM #0519-12.

Ohio Canals. Map showing the Black River Feeder Canal. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1830. 16 sheets. 20x16 in. Map VFM #0423-4.

Ohio Canals. Columbus Feeder map with profile map. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1827. 46x15 in. Map VFM #0418-4

Ohio Canals. Lancaster Lateral Canal with profile map. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1831. 119x23 in. Map VFM #0580-2.

Ohio Canals. Map of levees of the Ohio & Erie Canal at Circleville, Ohio. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1828. 98x15 in. Map VFM #0591-2.

Ohio Canals. Map of the Licking Reservoir. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1891. 37x21 in. Map VFM #0221-F.

Ohio Canals. Map of the lines surveyed for the Ohio & Erie Canal in the valley of Walnut Creek. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio 1838. 65x24.5 in. Map VFM #0583-2.

Ohio Canals. Map of the lower basin at lock #1 of the Ohio & Erie in Akron, Ohio. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1901. 25x22 in. Map VFM #0596-2.

Ohio Canals. Map of Summit County lakes and reservoirs regarding the Ohio & Erie Canal. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1892. 17x8.5 in. Map VFM 0416-4.

Ohio Canals. Map showing survey of property owned by the State of Ohio--Canal lands immediately south of Thorton Street, Akron, Ohio. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1928. Map VFM #0597-2.

Ohio Canals. Plat of Brewster Coal Company lands showing railroad tracks at the lower basin of lock 2 in Akron, Ohio. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1896.

Ohio Canals. Profile map of the locks on the Ohio & Erie Canal. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1830. 55x18 in. Map VFM #420-4.

Ohio Canals. Survey map from Lexington, Ohio to Bolivar, Ohio along the canal. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1837. 273x18.5 in. Map VFM #05872.

Ohio Canals. Map of land from Columbus, Ohio north to Sandusky Bay, Ohio showing a proposed route of the Ohio & Erie Canal. Ohio Department of Public Works, Columbus, Ohio, 1820. Map VFM #0417-4.

Ohio Canals. Map of survey lines for the Ohio & Erie Canal in the Scioto Valley. Ohio Department of Public Works, Columbus, Ohio, 1826. 110x26 in. Map VFM #0578-2.

Ohio Canals. Tanner, H.S. The Travelers Pocket Map of Ohio with Its Canals, Roads, and Distances. Philadelphia, PA: Tanner, 1830, 1833, 1841, 1845. 11.5x14.5 in. Map VFM #0500-4.

Ohio Canals. Ohio Canal plats and maps. Includes the proposed Ohio Central Canal. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1825. 29x30 in. 33 pieces. Map VFM #0600-2.

Ohio Canals. Columbus Feeder Canal and the Ohio & Erie Canal. Shows route in Franklin County. J.W. Jones, Columbus, Ohio, 1909. 106x26 cm. Map VFM #0422-4.

Ohio Canals. Map of the lower Basin at lock 1 of the Ohio & Erie Canal in Akron, Ohio. E.E. Booton and A.H. Sawyer, Columbus, Ohio, 1901. 80x62 cm. Map VFM #0596-2, #0597-2.

Ohio Canals. Profile and map of the Ohio & Erie Canal showing the progress and cost of improvements. Show canal from Dresden, Ohio to Cleveland, Ohio. Ohio Department of Public Works, Columbus, Ohio, 1910. 68x203 cm. Map VFM #0024-0.

Ohio Canals. Map exhibiting different plans for connecting the Columbus Feeder with the Ohio & Erie Canal. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1828. 42x34 in. Map VFM #0592-2, #0418-4, 0594-2.

Ohio Canals. Map and profile for Sippo Creek. Shows Sippo Creek with the Tuscarawas River in Massillon, Ohio. Ohio Canal Commission Columbus, Ohio, 1828. 39x86 cm. Map VFM #0599-2.

Ohio Canals. Map of lines surveyed for the Ohio & Erie Canal along the Scioto river in south Pickway and north Ross counties. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1828. Map VFM #0591-2.

Ohio Canals. Maps and Profiles of the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal from Akron, Ohio to the Mahoning and Shenango Rivers. U.S. Geological Survey(James Kerney), Washington D.C., 1835. 35x45 in. Map VFM #0541-2.

Ohio Canals. Canal line from Deer Creek Valley to Paint Creek. Ohio Canal Commission, Columbus, Ohio, 1828. 78x19 in. Map VFM #0579-2.

Ohio Canals. Map of Ohio showing existing, abandon, and proposed canal routes. Ohio Department of Public Works, Columbus, Ohio, 1935. 22x30 cm. Map VFM #0028-9.

Ohio Historical Society. Canals of Ohio, 1825-1913 with extensive text on the verso by Marilyn G. Hood, assistant editor. Ohio Historical Society, Columbus Ohio, 1969. 16x21 in. Map VFM #0440-4.

Ohio Secretary of State. Map of railroads and canals in Ohio. Tables showing the indebtedness of several counties incurred in their construction. Fletch and Riches, Columbus, Ohio, 1855. 53x54 cm. Map VFM #0030-2.

Ohio Superintendent of Public Works. Map of Ohio showing the canals in which the improvements are nearly completed. Canals which remain to be improved, and canals that are proposed to be abandoned. James R. Marker, Chief Engineer of the Public Works of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio, 1913. 37x42 cm. Map VFM #0078-4.

Portsmouth, Ohio. Plan for the canal termination point at Portsmouth point. Doolittle and Munson, Cincinnati, 1833. 18.5x14 in. Map VFM #0236-5.

Portsmouth, Ohio. Topographic map of Portsmouth and vicinity showing the southern termination point of the Ohio and Erie Canal. W. Woodruff, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1833. 22x18 in. Map VFM #0589-1.

Straughan, Jesse R. Skeleton Map of Ohio Exhibiting Canals and Railroads Completed, Under Construction, and Proposed. Wooster, OH: 1849. 54x62 in.

Woodruff, William. The Travelers Guide through Ohio with Its Canals, Roads, and Distances. Columbus, OH: C. Scott I.N. Whiting Publishing, 1835. 11x13 in.


Canal Fund Commission (hereafter cited as CFC). Receipts and Disbursements Ledger, 1825-1852. Ohio State Archives (OSA) #1174,Bound Volume (BV) #5386-5392.

CFC. Daybooks, 1825-1840. OSA #1179, BV #5369-5370.

CFC. Journals Regarding the Ohio Canal Fund, 1825-1845. OSA #1180, BV #5409-5414.

CFC. Letter books, 1825-1846. OSA #1181, BV #5405-5408.

CFC. Minutes, 1841-1849. OSA #1184, BV #5398.

CFC. Record of Drafts, 1846-1851. OSA #1187 BV #5395.

CFC. Letter Book of Turnpike Drafts, 1841., 1841. OSA #1188, BV #5396.

CFC. Reports to the Auditor of State Regarding Certificates Issued, 1841-1845. OSA #1190, BV #5397.

CFC. Records of Canal Fund Commission's Accounts with the Lancaster Bank, 1825-1836. OSA #1191, BV #5371.

CFC. Reports to the Auditor of State Regarding Funds Deposited with the Treasure of State, 1845-1852. OSA #1193, BV #5371.

CFC. Waste Book of Canal Accounts, 1825-1841. OSA #1194, BV #5360-5362.

CFC. List of Checks Redeemed by the Canal Fund Commission, 1837-1845. OSA #1197, BV #5378.

CFC. Canal Stock Interest Check Book, Loans of 1842-1846; 1846-1852. OSA #1200, BV #5381-5382.

CFC. Ledger of Ohio Domestic Debt, 1842-1852. OSA #1257, BV #5442.

CFC. National Road and Canal Stock Ledger, 1837-1841. OSA #1265, BV #5441.

CFC. Record of Canal Bonds Issued, 1842-1851. OSA #1268, BV #4723-4724.

CFC. National Road Stock Issued for Settlement and Payment of Claims, 1846-1851. OSA #1689, 4722.

CFC. Daybook of Ohio. Canal Fund Commission's Accounts with the Lancaster Bank, 1825-1836. OSA #1781, BV #5373.

CFC. Copies of Telegraphed Dispatches, 1850-1852. OSA #2127, BV #5376.

CFC. Records of Accounts with the Western Reserve Bank, 1825-1836. OSA #2128, BV #5375.

CFC. Records of Funds Received From Canal Land Purchases and Deposited into Various Banks, 1825-1839. OSA #2129, BV #5372-5374.

CFC. Public Works and Auditor of State Accounts, 1843. OSA #2309, BV #5399.

CFC. Auditor's Report to the Canal Fund Commission, 1830-1841. OSA #2310, BV #5400.

CFC. Journal of Debts, 1841-1842. OSA #2311, BV # 5402.

CFC. Record of Canal Loans, 1826-1832. OSA #2677, BV #5330.

CFC. Record of Ohio's Canal Fund Commission Certificates of State Loans, 1837-1843. OSA #2679, BV #5337.


Louis Baus Cleveland Collection. 1177 images regarding Cleveland. Several of the photographs deal with the Ohio & Erie Canal. 11 albums. P-223.

Cleveland Public Library Collection. 71 images of the Ohio & Erie Canal mainly focusing on the Cleveland area. P-141.

Columbus Dispatch Collection. 10 images of the Columbus Feeder and canal boats. P-245.

Silas Martin Collection. Images of Columbus during the Canal Era. P-145.

Maumee and Muskingum Collection. Valley scenes that show the Ohio & Erie and the Miami & Erie Canals. P-147 (Box #2, folder 41, 42, 43).

Ohio Board of Public Works. 91 images of locks, aqueducts, head-gates, spillways, feeder gates, and waste-ways in Akron, Cleveland, Carey, Carthage, Port Union, Middletown, Dayton, Loramie, and Defiance. Includes pictures of the 1907 Flood P-58; p-59 (54 photos); p-60 (53 photos).

Pearl R. Nye Collection. 349 images depicting the Ohio & Erie Canal and the Miami & Erie Canal. P-140.

Clarence E. Underwood Collection. 44 images of the Ohio & Erie Canal and canal boats. P-40.

The Anthony Wayne Parkway Commission. 30 images of canals from around the state. P-37.



Baker, Jim. The Big Ditch: Small Stories of the Ohio Canals. Worthington, OH: Pioneer Press, 1971.

Davis, Harold Eugene. The Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal. Hiram, OH: Hiram Historical Society, 1929

Dodds, Gilbert F. Old Canal Days. Columbus, OH: Franklin County Historical Society, 1959.

Geddes, James. Canal Report for Ohio. Columbus, OH: P.H. Olmsted, 1823.

Graham, Oliver Dale. History of the Ohio Canal System. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1939.

Halackna, Ronald. The History of the Erie Canal of Western Pennsylvania and Eastern Ohio. Mercer, PA: Author, 1991.


Anderson, Latham. "Suggestions Concerning the Proposed Miami & Erie Shipping Canal." Cincinnati, OH:(n.p.), 1892. PA Box #125-18.

Douglas, David Bates. (1790-1849). "Sandy & Beaver Canal." Washington D.C.: (n.p.), 1830. PA Box #72-11.

Gill, Edward. "Sandy & Beaver Canal." Washington D.C.: Gales and Seaton, 1835. PA Box #24-14

Jenny George F. The Ohio Canals. Columbus, OH: Educational Services, Ohio State Museum, 1957. PA Box #377-19.

Medbery, Nathaniel. Report of the Office of Public Works. Columbus, OH: Ohio Public Works Department, 1840. PA Box #700-9.

Rieder, Thomas J. and Gwozdz, Lawrence. Ohio Canals, 1820-1917. Columbus, OH: Ohio Historical Society, 1977. PA Box #510-4

The Stark County Historical Society (SCHS)
800 McKinley Monument Drive, Northwest
Canton, Ohio 44708

SCHS Vertical File--Ohio & Erie Canal

Over 60 articles from the Canton Repository regarding the redevelopment of the Ohio & Erie Canal and most date from the mid 1960s to 1990s. Including the following:

"All Roads Lead To the Old Canal." Canton Repository. 8 May 1994.

"Along the Canal." Minerva Leader. 1 January 1994.

"Canal Corridor Step Closer to National Heritage Designation." The Independent. 10 September 1993.

Heald, Edward T. "Revolutionary Effects of the Ohio & Erie Canal on Stark County, Ohio, 1825-1840." Typescript. No date.

"Historical Canal Corridor Might Lift Tourism." Canton Repository. 3 October 1993.

"Historical Highway has a Breach." Akron Beacon Journal. 5 June 1993.

"Let's Save the Old Canal." Canton Repository. 19 May 1959

"Massillon May Sell Its Canal Land." Canton Repository. 12 April 1981.


Dredging the Ohio & Erie Canal, 1913. Boat with dredge shovel.

View of Canal Fulton, Ohio.

Canal lock at Navarre, Ohio (Post Card).

Lock 2 at Massillon, Ohio.

Boat Sabrina at Canal Fulton, Ohio.

Ohio & Erie Canal on West Main Street, 1915.

Ohio & Erie Canal during winter in Navarre, Ohio.

Tuscarawas River and the Ohio & Erie Canal.

Photograph of a canal boat (name unknown).


"Ohio Commercial featuring a canal boat"

"St. Helena II Navigation."

"Stark County Story, St. Helena II dedication.

"New Life on the Old Canal"

The Wayne County Historical Society (WCHS)
546 East Bowman Street
Wooster, Ohio 44691


"Beyond the Call." Typescript. No date. (Note: a four page article regarding the Ohio & Erie Canal).

"Buckeye Trail Will Follow Ohio Canal: Tow Path From Erie to Zoar Through the State." Wooster Daily Record. 21 March 1966.

"Bustling, Brawling Canal Days". Cleveland Plain Dealer. 3 September 1966.

"Canal Days: Great Moments in the Ohio Heritage." Typescript. No Date.

"Canal Fulton Canawlers Launches New Approach." Wooster Daily Record. 28 June 1969.

"History Group Hears of Ohio Canals Rise and Fall." Wooster Daily Record. 23 October 1963.

Howells, William Dean. Recollection of Life in Ohio from 1813-1840.

Nelswander, C.R. The Ohio Canals and Their Impact on Early Life in Ohio. Typescript. A 20 page article with no bibliography or footnotes.

"Ohio Canal Revisited." Cleveland Plain Dealer. 6 December 1969.

"Wooster Missed the Boat in the Ohio Transportation Heyday." Wooster Daily Record. 5 August 1966.

Western Reserve Historical Society (WRHS)
10825 East Boulevard
Cleveland, Ohio 44106


Axtell, Salmon B. (1829-1890) Information regarding the Canal Bank in Ohio. Axtell Family Papers MSS #4115.

Canal Convention Records. Lists the delegates by county. Original record of proceedings, resolutions, and related materials. Calvin Pease Papers, MSS #827, Container #4, Folder #3.

Canal Turnpike Company. Business receipts dated December 17, 1853. MSS #3216, Folder #2.

Copy of an act to provide for the sale of certain lands granted by Congress to the state of Ohio to aid in the extension of the Miami Canal from Dayton to Lake Erie. Document is signed by Edward King, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and Samuel Wheeler, Speaker of the Senate. Dated February 12, 1829. Allen Trimble Papers, MSS #3205 Container #3, Folder #2.

Devereux, J.H. Trustee of the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal (1878-1882) miscellaneous information regarding the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal. Devereux Family Papers, MSS #2415 Container #20, Folder #4.

Dosey, Herbert W. (1895-1977) Ohio & Erie materials. Herbert W. Dosey Papers MSS #4404 Container #1.

Howe, Richard. (1799-1872) Papers include a survey book regarding the Ohio & Erie Canal. Richard Howe Papers MSS #3909 Container #9.

Kelley, Alfred. (1789-1859) Letters from Alfred Kelley to Allen Trimble regarding a canal in Ohio from Akron to Cleveland. Dated January 11, 1827 from Coshocton, Ohio. Allen Trimble Papers MSS #3205 Container #1, Folder #5.

McNeill, William Gibb. (1801-1853) Letter from William G. McNeill to Simon Bernard regarding the reconnaissance of a route for a canal from the Mahoning river to the Cuyahoga river. Dated February, 1826 from Newark, NJ. George Tod Papers MSS #3203 Container #4, Folder #5.

Ohio Board of Canal Commissioners Records, 1848-1883. 1 Volume. Ohio & Erie Canal record book contains registry of canal boats on the Ohio & Erie Canal kept by toll officers at Chillicothe, Ohio. Ohio Board of Canal Commissioners Papers MSS #382.

Ohio General Assembly. Investigation committee appointed to examine the books and vouchers of the Canal Commission. Dated May 18 to December 7, 1836. 1 volume. MSS #833.

Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal Company. Formal invitation of the Board of Directors of the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal Company to the opening of the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal. Dated 30 June 1840. Henry Baldwin Papers MSS #2097.

Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal. Orrin Harmon's financial transactions with the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal. Dated 1835. Harmon Family Papers, MSS #104 Container #1, Folder #9.

Perkins, Simon (1771-1844) Letters written to Simon Perkins and others relating to canals. Arranged alphabetically under the name of sender. Dated 1825-1840. Simon Perkins Papers, MSS #3122. 43 containers.

Pickway County Ohio. Petitions signed by the citizens of Pickway county to governor Allen Trimble recommending Thomas Ewing to fill the vacancy in the Board of Canal Commissioners. MSS #3205 Container #1, Folder #2.

Pillsbury, Isaac Newton (1839-1887) Letters and information relating to the Ohio & Erie Canal. Isaac Newton Pillsbury Papers, MSS #1851 Volume #4, Folder #3.

James Thompson and Company, Chillicothe, Ohio. Business records dated 1831-1834. Shipping receipts and promises of delivery of materials. James Thompson and Company Papers MSS #563.

Trimble, Allen (1783-1870) Extracts from three speeches regarding the Ohio canal system. Dated December 5, 1822; December 26, 1825; December 12, 1827. Allen Trimble Papers, MSS #3205 Container #3, Folder #2.


Beardsley, David H. (1789-1870) Letters from D.H. Beardsley to John Barr regarding early canals and railroads in Cleveland. VF B.

Beardsley, David H. Letters from D.H. Beardsley to John W. Allen, Mayor of Cleveland, showing statistics and facts that demonstrate an increase in business from the Ohio & Erie. Letters dated 1827, 1834, and 1840 Canal Collector's Office. VF B.

Blickinsderfer, Jacob. Letters from Jacob Blickinsderfer to Alfred Kelley of Cleveland relating to a bond and a donation to the canal line and the building of a large brick building warehouse at Dover, Ohio. VF B.

Clinton, De Witt (1769-1828) Letters from De Witt Clinton to Alfred Kelley, Cleveland, Ohio, in which he expresses pleasure at the opening of the Ohio & Erie Canal and encloses a pamphlet regarding tolls. Dated March 16, 1827. VF C.

Kent, Marvin. "The Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal Question." A letter addressed to the editor of the Cleveland Herald concerning the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal. No Date. VF K.

Sketch of Marvin Kent with some material on the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal possible written by Kent, founder of the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad. No date. VF K.

Ohio Board of Canal Commissioners. Agreement between the Board and Leonard Randsom and James Duncan, President of the Massillon Rolling Mill, for the use and occupation of so much of the surplus water not necessary for navigation and flows around lock four, south of Portage summit to be applied for flouring wheat for the term of thirty years. Dated March 28, 1836. VF O.

Ohio Canal Collector's Office, Cleveland, Ohio. Toll reports 1830, 1833-1834, 1840-1848. Seven items in the file. VF O.

Ohio General Assembly (Senate). Notes from committee meetings to study possible excavation work on the Ohio & Erie Canal. No date. VF O.

Ohio, Troy, and Erie Canal Boat Lines. Miscellaneous business records. A.T. Goodman Collection filed under Ohio Canals. VF O.

Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal Company. Articles of agreement entered into between the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal Company and Easton, Garber, and Wandell for construction of dam three of the Eastern Division with specifications. Dated 23 August 1835. VF P.

Sandy & Beaver Canal Company. Formation to form a lease by the Sandy & Beaver Canal Company of mill privileges at Bolivar, Ohio. Dated March 1836. VF S.

Scovill, Philo (1833-1854) Legal claims against the Ohio & Erie Canal damaged his land in Licking county, Ohio and other correspondence. VF S.

Sproat, Benjamin Franklin. (1847-1932) "The Canal." Sproat's personal recollection about the Ohio & Erie Canal. Vertical File (VF) S.

Statements of the merits of the Mahoning & Beaver Canal route and the disadvantages of the Sandy & Beaver for a canal. Dated 1835.VF P (filed under the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal).

Van Derveer, Ferdinand, Montgomery County, Ohio. Legal records of court cases against canals. December 1852; May 1853. VF V.


Bowen, Eli. Rambles in the Path of the Steam Horse. Baltimore, MD: Browell and Smith, 1855.

Buckland, Ralph Pomeroy (1812-1892). "Speech of R.P. Buckland on Canal contracts." Delivered in the Ohio State Senate 26 February 1857. Pamphlet #B692.

Canal Bank of Cleveland, Ohio. Remarks of Richard C. Parsons in the discussion of the report of the Canal Commission appointed to inquire into Treasury defalcation in the United States House of Representatives. Columbus, OH: Osgood and Pierce, 1859. Pamphlet #337.

Canals of Ohio. Columbus, OH: Ohio Historical Society, 1969. Pamphlet #0209.

Corry, William McMillan. "Save the Canals ... To the People of Ohio." Cincinnati Gazette. September, 1857. Pamphlet #729.

Directory of Massillon, Elyria, and Business Directory of Lorain, Grafton, Medina, Seville, Russell, Canal Fulton, and Dover. Mansfield, OH: George Harn and Brothers, n.d.

Galbreath, C.B. Ohio Canals. Springfield, OH: Springfield Publication Company, 1910. Pamphlet #0295.

Gilmore, W.F. Over the Hills in a Canal Boat: A History of the Old Sandy & Beaver Canal. Canton, OH: Author, 1936.

Higbee, Lucy Ann. The Diary of Lucy Ann Higbee. n.p., 1837. An account of a journey by canal boat from Trenton, NJ to Ohio, returning via Niagara Falls.

Harmount, Simpson (1828-?) Reminiscences of Dover Canal Days. Strasburg, OH: 1972.

Johnson, Emory Richard. Inland Waterways and Their Relationship to Transportation. Philadelphia, PA: n.p. 1893.

Lucas, Robert. "Communication from the Governor of Indiana Transmitting a Memorial and Joint Resolution of the State on the Subject of the Whitewater Canal." Vault #F34E036.

"Ohio: Along the Old Canals: Let's Explore Ohio." The Ohioian. August, 1962, 34 (1):4.

Ohio Board of Canal Commissioners 13th annual Report to the General Assembly of Ohio. 19 January 1835. Columbus, OH: James B. Gardner, 1836. Vault #F34E036.

Ohio Canal Commissioners Canal Fund Circular to the Stockholders of the State. New York: Chatterton and Christ Printers, 1843. Pamphlet #0408.

Ohio General Assembly Memorial to the Legislature of the State of Ohio in Relation to the Connection of Lake Erie with the Ohio River by Means of Canal Navigation. Washington D.C.: Gales and Seaton, 1825. Pamphlet #0194.

Ohio Laws, Statues, and Acts for the Protection of the Canals and Other Public Works of Ohio and for Regulating the Navigation and Collection of Tolls on the Same. Columbus, OH: S. Medary and Brothers, 1839. Vault Ohio Documents.

Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal Company's Charter. An Act to Incorporate the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal. Columbus, OH: n.p., 1837. Pamphlet #P554.

Portage Canal and Manufacturing Company. Charter of the Portage Canal and Manufacturing Company with an Official Circular of the Commissioners and Other Related Papers. New York: Piekcy and Reed, 1837. Pamphlet #P323

Sandy & Beaver Canal Company, New Lisbon, Ohio. Charter of the Sandy & Beaver Canal Company. Reports of the Engineers. New Lisbon, OH: Joseph Cable, 1834. Pamphlet #S468.

Swanson, Leslie Charles. Canals of Mid America. Moline, IL: Author, 1984.

Taylor, William Alexander. Facts About the Ohio Canals and Water Transportation. Columbus, OH: F.J. Heert, n.d. Pamphlet #T109.

Thurman, A.W. and L.D. Hamlin, notes from a Special Canal Commissioners Meeting for the Ohio & Erie Canal. Pamphlet #16 and #729.

Wagner, Phillip Matthew. After Sunrise or Second Attempts at Poetry. Dover, OH: Author, 1909.


Akron, Summit County. Map of north and south Akron. Akron, OH: H.B. Perkins,(n.d.). Size 10x23. Map #14.

Akron, Summit County. Map of the town of Akron. (n.p.), 1836. Oversized 30x42. Map #29.

Akron, Summit County. Map of the North section of the city of Akron. n.p. and n.d. Size 22x14. Map #13.

Akron, Summit County. Map of the Perkin's Addition to the City of Akron. Akron, OH: Paul Brothers Surveyors, 1871. Size 13.5x22. Map #14.

Akron, Summit County. Akron City Directory. Akron, OH: N.H. Burch and Company, n.d. Size 31x24. Map #19.

Akron, Summit County. Map of the City Showing Leading Manufacturing Companies. Akron, OH: W.W. Warner and Company, n.d. Size 25x19. Map #19.

Canal Tract. S.S. Stone Survey Company,1850. Oversized, Map #119

Map of the Railroads and Canals in Ohio. Columbus, OH: Felch and Riches Engravers, Columbus, Ohio, 1855. Includes a table showing the indebtedness of the several counties, cities, and towns occurring chiefly in their construction.. Size 21x29 including margin tables. Found in Ohio documents, Volume 20, Part 2, Page 364.


Ambler, Charles H. History of Transportation in the Ohio Valley. Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark Company, 1932.

Barnes, George E. Study and Report on Improvements on the Ohio & Erie Canal at Akron. Cleveland, OH: Barnes, 1952.

Bogart, Ernest Ludlow. Internal Improvements and the State Debt in Ohio; An Essay in Economic History. New York: Longman, Green, and Company, 1924.

Bowman, Davis Weller. Pathways of Progress: A Short History of Ohio. New York: American Book Company, 1943.

Canals of Ohio, 1825-1913. Columbus, OH: Ohio Historical Society, 1971.

Cockrell, Ron. A Green Shrouded Miracle: The Administrative History of the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreational Area, Ohio. Omaha, NE: National Park Service, 1992.

Cook, Marilyn. Covered Wagons, Canals, and Characters. Navarre, OH: The Navarre-Bethlehem Township Historical Society, 1981.

Downes, Randolph C. The Conquest and the Canal Days. Toledo, OH: Maumee Valley Historical Society, 1968.

Droege, John et al. The Ohio & Erie Canal from Lockborne to Caroll and the Columbus Feeder Canal. Akron, OH: Canal Society of Ohio, 1974.

Early American Railroads: Franz Anton Ritter Von Gerstner's Die Innern Communicationen, 1842-1843. Edited by Frederick C. Gamst. Translated by David J. Diephouse and John C. Decker. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Gamble, Jay Mark. Steamboats on the Muskingum. New York: Steamship Historical Society, 1971.

Gard, R. Max and Vodrey, William H. The Sandy & Beaver Canal. East Liverpool, OH: East Liverpool Historical Society, 1952.

Gieck, Jack. A Photo Album of Ohio's Canal Era, 1825-1913. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1988.

Hunker, Robert L. The Cuyahoga Valley and the Ohio Canal. Hudson, OH: n.p. 1974.

Huntington, C.C. and McClelland. The History of the Ohio Canals, Their Construction, Cost, Use, and Partial Abandonment. Columbus, OH: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1905.

Kilbourne, John. Public Documents Concerning the Ohio Canals, which are to Connect Lake Erie with the Ohio River. Columbus, OH: I.N. Whiting, 1832.

Miami & Erie Canal: A Symbol of an Era. Dayton, OH: Carillon Press, n.d.

Montavon, Henrietta. Families Along the Canal of Bygone Days. Portsmouth, OH: Scioto Valley Canal Society, 1981.

Nye, Pearl R. Scenes and Songs of the Ohio & Erie Canal. Columbus, OH: Ohio Historical Society, 1952.

Oda, James C. Piqua and the Miami & Erie Canal. Piqua, OH: Piqua Historical Society, 1987.

Ohio Canal Systems: A Bibliography and Other Aids. Akron, OH: Canal Society of Ohio, 1978.

Ohio Historical Society. Zoar: An Experiment in Communalism. Columbus, OH: Ohio Historical Society, 1970.

Ohio State Archeological and Historical Society. History of the Ohio Canals. Columbus, OH: Press of F.J. Heer, 1927.

Potts, Robert. A Brief History of the Miami & Erie Canal. Cincinnati, OH: Miami & Erie Canal Society, 1990.

Porter, Burton P. Old Canal Days. Columbus, OH: Heer Printing Company, 1942.

Scheiber, Harry N. Ohio Canal Era: A Case Study of Government and the Economy, 1820-1861. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1969.

Scrattish, Nick. Historic Resource Study: Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area, Ohio. Denver, CO: National Park Service, 1985.

State of Ohio. Annual Reports of Canal Commissioners, 1822-1838; Annual Reports of the Board of Public Works, 1836-1913; Collected in bound volumes entitled Executive Documents. Copies in the University of Akron Law Library, Cleveland Public Library, Ohio State University Library, Oberlin College, and the Ohio State Historical Society Library.

Tanner, H.S. A Description of Canals and Railroads of the United States. New York: T.R. Tanner & J. Disturnell, 1840.

Trevorrow, Frank W. Ohio Canals: A Collection of Articles of Description, History, and Bibliography. Oberlin, OH: Author, 1973.

Verity, Vic et al. The Miami Canal from Cincinnati to Dayton and Warren County Canal. Oberlin, OH: Canal Society of Ohio, 1977.

Unrau, Harlan and Scrattish, Nick. Historic Structure Report: Ohio and Erie Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area. Denver, CO: National Park Service, 1984.

Wilcox, Frank. The Ohio Canals: A Pictorial Survey of the Ohio Canals Using the Drawings and Paintings of the Late Frank Wilcox. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1969.

Woods, Terry K. The Ohio & Erie Canal: A Glossary of Terms. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1995.

Woods, Terry K. Twenty Five Miles to Nowhere: The Story of the Walhonding Canal: With Canal Guide. Coshocton, OH: Roscoe Village Foundation, 1991.


"The Advent of the Ohio Canal System." Western Reserve Magazine. July/August, 1982: 24-32.

Birch, Brian. "Taking the Breaks and Working the Boats: An English Family's Impressions of Ohio in the 1820s." Ohio History. 1986 95 (1): 101-118.

Bogart, Ernest L. "Early Canal Traffic and Railroad Competition in Ohio." Journal of Political Economy. 1913 21 (1): 56-70.

Bortel, Clifford R. "Old Canal Days at Texas, Ohio." Northwestern Quarterly. 1947 19(2):84-86.

Bradley, Cyrus Parker. "Journal of Cyrus Parker." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. Columbus, OH: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1906. Volume XV, 207-270.

"The Construction of the Ohio Canals." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1904 13 (4): 460-481.

"Commencement of the Ohio Canal Licking Summit." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1925 34 (1): 66-99.

Dial George. "Construction of the Ohio Canals." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1904 13 (4): 460-480.

Doerschuk, A.N. "The Last Ohio Canal Boat." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1926 34 (1): 100-120.

"Electricity on the Miami & Erie Canal." Scientific American. 1904 1 (1): 25-26.

Ellis, William D. "Cleveland as a Canal Town." Ohio's Western Reserve: A Regional Reader. Edited by Harry F. Lupold and Gladys Haddad. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1988.

Farrell, Richard T. "Internal Improvement Projects in Southwestern Ohio." Ohio History. 1971 80(1): 4-23.

French, Charles W. "Recollections of the Milan Canal." Inland Seas. 1945 10 (1):56.

Finn, Chester E. "The Ohio Canal: Public Enterprise on the Frontier." Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1942 51(1): 1-40.

Frohman, Charles E. "The Milan Canal." Inland Seas. 1946 3 (2): 50-53.

Frohman, Charles E. "The Milan Canal." Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1948 57 (2): 237-246.

George, John J. Jr. "The Miami Canal." Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1927 36 (1): 92-115.

Gibb, Andrew. "A Scottish Venture in the United States: The Glasgow Ohio Company, 1824." Scottish Historical Review. 1984 63 (1): 50-58.

Grant, H. Roger. "Ditch-Digging in the Early Republic." Northwest Ohio Quarterly. 1992 64 (1): 30-32.

Guyton, Priscilla L. "John Hunt." Northwest Ohio Quarterly. 1981 53 (2): 50-68.

Johannesen, Eric. "The Cuyahoga: Millstream to Lakeport." Timeline. 1986 3 (2): 42-54.

McNally, E.F. "The Canaller." Western Reserve Magazine, January/February, 1981: 41-50.

Miller, George L. and Hurry, Silas D. "Ceramic Supply in an Economically Isolated Frontier Community: Portage County of the Ohio Western Reserve, 1800-1825." Historical Archaeology. 1983 17 (2): 80-92.

Niemi, Albert W. Jr. "Interregional Canals and Manufacturing Development in the West of the U.S.A. before 1840." Revue Internationale d'Histoire de la Banque. 1974 9 (2): 192-212.

"Ohio Canals: Changing Currents." Western Reserve Magazine. September/October, 1982: 24-48.

Reid, Ronald D. "Youngstown and the Pennsylvania & Ohio Canal." Western Reserve Magazine. November/December, 1983: 38-46.

Rodabaugh, James H. (ed.) "From England to Ohio, 1830-1832: The Journal of Thomas K. Wharton." Ohio Historical Quarterly. 1956 65 (1/2): 1-27, 11-151.

Scheiber, Harry N. "The Ohio Canal Movement, 1820-1825." Ohio Historical Quarterly. 1960 69 (3): 231-259.

Scheiber, Harry N. "The Rate Making Power of the State in the Canal Era: A Case Study." Political Science Quarterly. 1962 77 (3): 397-413.

Scheiber, Harry N. "Urban Rivalry and Internal Improvements in the Old Northwest, 1820-1860." Ohio History. 1962 71 (3): 227-239.

Scheiber, Harry N. "Entrepreneurship and Western Development: the Case of Micajah T. Williams." Business History Review. 1963 37 (4): 345-368.

Scheiber, Harry N. "State Policy and the Public Domain: The Ohio Canal Lands." Journal of Economic History. 1965 25 (1): 86-113.

Scheiber, Harry N. "Public Canal Finance and State Banking in Ohio, 1825-1837." Indiana Magazine of History. 1969 65 (2): 119-132.

Scheiber, Harry N. "Land Reform, Speculation, and Governmental Failure: The Administration of Ohio's State Canal Lands, 1836-1860." Prologue. 1975 7 (2): 85-98.

Scheiber, Harry N. "The Commercial Bank of Lake Erie, 1831-1843." Business History Review. 1966 40 (1): 57-65.

Scheiber, Harry N. "Alfred Kelley and the Ohio Business Elite, 1822-1859." Ohio History. 1978 87 (3): 365-392.

Scheiber, Harry N. "The Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal: Transport Innovation, Mixed Enterprise, and Urban Commercial Rivalry, 1823-1861." Old Northwest. 1980 6 (1): 105-135.

Scheiber, Harry N. "Social Returns From Public Transportation Investment: A Case Study of the Ohio Canal." Journal of the Political Economy. 1970 78 (4): 1041-1060.

Shaw, Ronald E. "Ohio Enters a Canal Revival." Ohioana. 1967 10 (4): 92-96.

Stills, John. "Ethan Allen Brown and Ohio's Canal System." Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1957 66 (1): 22-56.

Sturm, John. "If Not Toledo . . . Havre." Michigan History. 1988 72 (1): 44-47.

Swierenga, Robert P. "The Settlement of the Old Northwest: Ethnic Pluralism in a Featureless Plain." Journal of the Early Republic. 1989 9 (1): 73-105.

Teagarden, Ernest M. " Builders of the Ohio and Erie Canal, 1825-1832."Inland Seas. 1963 19 (2): 94-103.

Thomas Samuel W. and Corner, Eugene H. "The Falls of the Ohio River and Its Environs: The Journal of Increase Allen Lapham for 1827-1830." Filson Club Historical Quarterly. 1971 45 (1): 5-34.

Van Fossan W.H. "Sandy & Beaver Canal." Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 1946 55 (2): 165-177.

Woods, Terry K. "Ohio's Grand Canal." Western Reserve Magazine, July/August 1977: 32-38.


Bluestein, Joseph Cheim. "Revolution in Ohio: The Miami and Erie Canal." Master's thesis. University of Cincinnati, 1963.

Dwarko, Daniel Agyei. "The Settler in the Maumee Valley: Henry, Lucas, and Wood Counties Ohio, 1830-1860." Ph.D. Bowling Green State University, 1981.

Kimmerly, David. "The Creation of a Canal Landscape: The Impact of the Hocking Canal on the Settlement of the Hocking River Valley, 1840-1870." Master's thesis. Ohio University, 1983.

Mould, David Harley. "Canals and Railroads in the Hocking Valley Region of Ohio, 1825-1875." Ph.D. dissertation. Ohio University, 1989.

Preston, Daniel. "Market and Mill Town: Hamilton, Ohio, 1795-1860." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Maryland, 1987.

Ransom, Roger L. "Government Investment in Canals: A Study of the Ohio Canal, 1825-1860." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Washington, 1963.

Scheiber, Harry N. "Internal Improvements and Economic Change in Ohio, 1820-1860." Ph.D. Cornell University, 1962.

Shaw, Stephanie J. "Boosterism, Rivarly, and the Struggle for Internal Improvements in Sandusky, Ohio, 1822-1834. Master's thesis. Ohio State University, 1979.

Still, John S. "The Life of Ethan Allen Brown, Governor of Ohio." Ph.D. Ohio state University, 1951.



Baldwin, Mark. Canal Books: A Guide to the Literature of the Waterways. London: M & M Baldwin, 1984.

Davis, Lance E. et al. American Economic Growth: An Economic History of the United States. New York: Harper and Row, 1972.

Drago, Harry Sinclair. Canal Days in America: The History and Romance of the Old Towpaths and Waterways. New York: Charles N. Potter, 1972.

Feltner, Charles E. and Feltner, Jeri Barton. Great Lakes Maritime History: Bibliography and Sources of Information. Dearborn, MI: Seajay Publications, 1982.

Goodrich, Carter et al. Canals and American Economic Development. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

Goodrich, Carter et al. Government Promotion of American Canals and Railroads, 1800-1890. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.

Hadfield, Charles and Alice, Mary. Afloat in America. North Pomfret, VT: David and Charles, 1979.

Haeger, John D. The Investment Frontier: New York Businessmen and the Economic Development of the Old Northwest. Albany, NY: State University of New York at Albany, 1981.

Harlow, Alvin F. Old Towpaths: The Story of the American Canal Era. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1926.

Hulbert, Archer B. Great American Canals. Cleveland, OH: Arthur H. Clark, 1906.

Hulbert, Archer B. The Paths of Inland Commerce. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1920.

Hoy, Suellen and Robinson, Michael C. (compilers and editors). Public Works History in the United States: A Guide to the Literature. Nashville, TE: American Association of State and Local History, 1982.

Madden, Emily A. Index of Canal References in Niles's Weekly Register. Volume 1-76. Livonia, NY: Author, 1982.

MacGill, Caroline E. et al. History of Transportation in the United States Before 1860. Washington D.C.: Carnegie Institution, 1917.

Norris, Jane. Written in Water: The Life of Benjamin Harrison Eaton. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1990.

Shank, William H. Towpaths to Tugboats: A History of Canal Engineering. York, PA: American Canal and Transportation Center, 1982.

Shaw, Ronald E. Canals for a Nation: A History of the Canal Era in the United States, 1790-1860. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1990.

Taylor, George Rogers. The Transportation Revolution, 1815-1860. New York: Harper and Row, 1951.

Waggoner, Madeline Sadler. The Long Haul West: The Great Canal Era, 1817-1850. New York: Putnam, 1958.

Way, Peter. Common Labour: Workers and the Digging of North American Canals, 1780-1860. London: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Zimmerman, Albright G (complier). A Canal Bibliography with Primary Emphasis on the United States and Canada. Easton, PA: Canal History and Technology Press, 1991.


Cranmer, H. Jerome. "Canal Investment, 1815-1860." In William N. Parker (ed.) Trends in the American Economy in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1960.

Douglas, Paul H. and Jones, William K. "Sandstone, Canals, and the Smithsonian." Smithsonian Journal of History. 1986 3 (1): 41-58.

Ellis, Horace. "America's Great Canal Boom." National Republic. 1931 19 (5): 24-25, 44.

Fite, Emerson D. "The Canal and the Railroad From 1861-1865." Yale Review. 1906 15 (2): 195-213.

Geiger, Reed. "The Canal Era in France, England and the United States: A Comparative Look at Economic Liberalism and Technological Style." Consortium on Revolutionary Europe 1750-1850: Proceedings. 1989 19 (2): 67-82.

Goodrich, Carter. "American Development Policy: The Case for Internal Improvement." Journal of Economic History. 1956 16 (4): 449-460.

Goodrich, Carter. "The Gallatin Plan after One Hundred and Fifty Years." Proceedings from the American Philosophical Society. 1958 102 (5): 436-441.

Goodrich, Carter. "Internal Improvements Reconsidered." Journal of Economic History. 1970 30 (3): 289-311.

Goodrich, Carter. "Local Planning of Internal Improvements." Political Science Quarterly. 1951 66 (4): 411-445.

Goodrich, Carter. "National Planning of Internal Improvements." Political Science Quarterly. 1948 63 (1): 16-44.

Goodrich, Carter. "The Revulsion Against Internal Improvements." Journal of Economic History. 1950 10 (2): 145-169.

Harrison, Joseph H. Jr. "Sic et Non: Thomas Jefferson and Internal Improvements." The Journal of the Early Republic. 1987 7 (3): 339-361.

Hopkins, John Henry. "Journal of My Tour in Fall of 1825, Accompanied by Sketches in Watercolor and India Ink." American Magazine and Historical Chronicle. 1988 4 (1): 23-29.

Kimball, Stanley B. "Sail and Rail Pioneers Before 1869." Brigham Young University Studies. 1995 35 (2): 6-42.

Larson, John L. "Bind the Republic Together: The National Union and the Struggle for a System of Internal Improvements." Journal of American History. 1987 75 (3): 363-387.

Laurent Jerome K. "Trade, Transportation, and Technology: The American Great Lakes, 1866-1910." Journal of Transportation History. 1983 4 (1): 1-24.

Lebergott, Stanley. "United States Transportation Advances and Eternalities." Journal of Economic History. 1966 26 (4): 437-465.

Lively, Robert A. "The American System: A Review Article." Business History Review. 1955 29 (1): 81-96.

Noble, Allen G. and Coffey, Brian. "The Use of Cobblestones as a Folk Building Material." Pioneer America Society Transactions. 1986 9 (1): 45-51.

Rae, John Bell. "Federal Land Grants in Aid of Canals." Journal of Economic History. 1944 4 (2): 167-177.

Ransom, Roger L. "Social Returns from Public Transportation Investment: A Case Study of the Ohio Canal." Journal of Political Economy. 1970 78 (4): 1041-1060.

Ransom, Roger L. "Public Canal Investment and the Opening of the Old Northwest" in David C. Klingman and Richard Vedder (eds.) Essays in Nineteenth Century Economic History: The Old Northwest. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1975.

Ransom, Roger L. "Interregional Canals and Economic Specialization in the Antebellum United States." Explorations in Entrepreneurial History. 1967 5 (1): 12-35.

Ransom, Roger L. "Canals and Development: A Discussion of the Issues." American Economic Review. 1964 54 (3): 365-376.

Ransom, Roger L. "A Closer Look at Canals and Western Manufacturing." Explorations into Economic History. 1971 8 (4): 501-508.

Schaefer, Donald and Weiss, Thomas. "The Use of Simulation Techniques in Historical Analysis: Railroads versus Canals." Journal of Economic History. 1971 31 (4): 854-884.

Scheiber, Harry and Salisbury, Stephen. "Reflections on George Rogers Taylor's The Transportation Revolution, 1815-1860: A Twenty Year Retrospective. Business History Review. 1977 51 (1): 79-89.

Schmidt, Louis P. "Internal Commerce and the Development of the National Economy Before 1860." Journal of Political Economy. 1939 47(4): 798-822.

Schwantes, Carlos A. "Promoting American Canals: Popularizing the Hopes and Fears of the New American Nation." Journal of American Culture. 1978 1 (4): 700-712.

Shaw, Ronald E. "Canals in the Early Republic: A Review of Recent Literature." The Journal of the Early Republic. 1984 4 (2): 117-142.

Stover, John F. "Canals and Turnpikes: America's Early Nineteenth Century Transportation Network" in Joseph R. Frese and Jacob Judd (ed.) An Emerging Independent American Economy. Tarrytown, NY: Sleepy Hollow Press, 1980.

Szostak, Rick. "Institutional Inheritance and Early American Industrialization: An Essay in Honor of J.R.T. Hughes." Research in Economic History. 1991 6:287-308.


Isard, Walter. "The Economic Dynamics of Transportation Technology." Ph.D. dissertation. Harvard University, 1943.

Karn, Edwin Daniel. "Pre-Railroad Transportation in the Upper Mississippi Valley." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1986.

Segal, Harvey H. Canal Cycles, 1834-1861: Public Construction Experience in New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio." Ph.D. dissertation. Columbia University, 1956.

Tobin, Catherine Teresa. "The Lowly Muscular Digger: Irish Canal Workers in the Nineteenth Century America." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Notre Dame, 1987.

Way, Peter John. "Rough Labor: The Digging of North American Canals, 1780-1860." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Maryland, 1991.



Clemensen, A. Berle. Illinois & Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor, Illinois; Historical Inventory, History, and Significance. Denver, CO: National Park Services, 1985.

Cozen, Michael P. and Carr, Kay J. (eds.). The Illinois & Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor: A Guide to Its History and Sources. Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 1988.

Hansen, Harry. The Chicago. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1942.

Howe, Walter A. Documentary History of the Illinois & Michigan Canal. Springfield, IL: State of Illinois Department of Public Works and Buildings, 1956.

Hoyt, Homer. One Hundred Years of Land Values in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1933. See chapter one.

Krenkel, John H. Illinois Internal Improvements, 1818-1848. Cedar Rapids, IA: Torch Press, 1958.

Lamb, John K. William Gooding: Chief Engineer, I & M Canal. Lockport, IL: Illinois Canal Society, 1982.

Lamb, John K. A Corridor in Time. Romeoville, IL: Author, 1986.

Larson, John W. Those Army Engineers: A History of the Chicago District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1980.

Naujoks, Herbert H. The Chicago Water Diversion Controversy. Milwaukee, WI: Great Lakes Harbor Association, 1947.

Pease, Theodore C. The Frontier State. Volume II of The Centennial History of Illinois. Springfield, IL: Illinois Centennial Commission, 1918.

Pierce, Bessie Louise. A History of Chicago. 2 volumes. New York: Albert A. Knopf, 1937-1949.

Putnam, James W. The Illinois & Michigan Canal: A Study in Economic History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1918.

Temple, Wayne C. Lincoln's Connection with the Illinois & Michigan Canal, His Return From Congress in '48 and His Invention. Springfield, IL: Illinois Bell, 1986.

Vierling, Philip E. Hiking the Illinois & Michigan Canal and Exploring Its Environs. Chicago: Illinois Country Outdoor Guides, 1986.


Barr Vernon F. "The Illinois Waterway." Western Illinois Regional Studies. 1984 8 (1): 77-86.

Boswell, Lewis B. "The Hennepin Canal." National Waterways. 1929 7 (1): 37-63.

Cain, Louis B. "The Creation of Chicago's Sanitary District and Construction of the Sanitary and Ship Canal." Chicago History. 1979 8 (1): 98-110.

Elazar, Daniel J. "Gubernatorial Power and the Illinois & Michigan Canal: a Study of Political Development in the Nineteenth Century." Journal of Illinois State Historical Society. 1965 58 (4): 396-423.

Griffin, Donald W. "Recollections of the Hennepin Canal." Western Illinois Regional Studies. 1981 4 (1): 50-76.

Lamb, John K. "Canal Boats on the Illinois & Michigan Canal." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. 1978 71 (2): 211-222.

Lamb, John K. "Early Days on the Michigan & Illinois Canal." Chicago History. 1975 3 (1): 168-176.

Putnam, James W. "Economic History of the Illinois & Michigan Canal." Journal of Political Economy. 1909 17 (2-3): 272-295, 337-353, 413-433.


Fleming, George J. Jr. "Canal at Chicago: A Study in Political and Social History." Ph.D. dissertation. Catholic University of America, 1950.

Henderson, Richard R. "Illinois & Michigan Canal State Trail: Archival Inventory and Guide." Master's thesis. Sagamore State University, 1983.

Krenkel, John H. "Internal Improvements in Illinois, 1819-1848." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Illinois, 1939.



Benton, Albert J. The Wabash Trade Route in the Development of the Old Northwest. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1903.

Esarey, Logan. History of Indiana from Its Exploration to 1850. Indianapolis, IN: W.K. Stewart Company, 1915.

Fatout, Paul. Indiana Canals. Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 1972, 1987.

Garman, Harry O. Whitewater Canal Cambridge City to Ohio River: A Pioneer Transportation Facility in Indiana Constructed 1836 to 1847. n.p. 1944.

Mayhill, Dora T. Old Wabash & Erie Canal in Carroll County. Knightstown, IN: Banner Publishing Company, 1953.

McCord, Shirley S. (compiler). Travel Accounts of Indiana, 1679-1961: A Collection of Observations by Wayfaring Foreigners, Itinerants, and Peripatetic Hoosiers. Indianapolis, IN: Historical Bureau, 1970.

Poinsatte, Charles R. Fort Wayne During the Canal Era, 1828-1855. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Historical Collections, 1969.


Cammack, Eleanor A. "Notes on Early Wabash Steamboating: Early Lafayette." Indiana Magazine of History. 1954 50 (1): 30-50.

Clark, George P. (ed.) "Through Indiana by Stagecoach and Canal Boat: The 1843 travel Journal of Charles H. Titus." Indiana Magazine of History. 1989 85 (2): 193-235.

Comstock, Howard P. "History of the Canals in Indiana." Indiana Magazine of History. 1911 8 (1): 1-15.

Cottmann, George S. "The Wabash & Erie Canal." Indiana Magazine of History. 1907 3 (2): 167-193.

Cottmann, George S. "The Wabash and Its Valley." Indiana Magazine of History. 1905 1 (2): 123-127.

Duden, Margaret. "Internal Improvement in Indiana, 1816-1848." Indiana Quarterly Magazine of History. 1909 5 (1): 160-170.

Fatout, Paul. "Canal Agitation at Ohio Falls." Indiana Magazine of History. 1961 57 (2): 279-309.

Fatout, Paul. "Canalling in the Whitewater Valley." Indiana Magazine of History. 1964 60 (1): 37-78.

Fickle, James E. "The 'People' versus 'Progress' in the Old Northwest: Local Opposition to the Construction of the Wabash and Erie Canal." Old Northwest. 1982/83 8 (4): 309-328.

Guthrie, Wayne. "Far West." Indiana Historical Bulletin. 1970 47 (9): 97-100.

Hackett, Leola. "The Wabash & Erie Canal in Wabash County." Indiana Magazine of History. 1928 24 (3): 295-305.

Holliday, Joseph E. "The Reservoir Regulators of the Canal Period." Indiana Magazine of History. 1929 25 (1): 92-100.

Maldonado, Edwin. "Urban Growth During the Canal Era: The Case of Indiana." Indiana Social Science Quarterly. 1979 31 (1): 20-39.

McDaniel, Dennis K. "Water Over Water: Hoosier Canal Culverts, 1832-1847." Indiana Magazine of History. 1982 78 (4): 296-322.

Miller, James M. "The Richmond & Brookville Canal." Indiana Magazine of History. 1905 1 (1): 189-194.

Miller, James M. "The Whitewater Canal." Indiana Magazine of History. 1907 3 (1): 108-115.

Newcomer, Lee. "A History of the Indiana Internal Improvement Bonds." Indiana Magazine of History. 1936 32 (1): 106-115

Reser, William J. "The Wabash & Erie Canal at Lafayette." Indiana Magazine of History. 1934 30 (3): 311-324.


Wehr, Paul H. "Samuel Hanna: Fur Trader to Railroad Magnet." Ph.D. dissertation. Ball State University, 1968.



Dohan, Mary Helen. Mr. Roosevelt's Steamboat. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1981.

Verhoeff, Mary. The Kentucky River Navigation. Louisville, KY: John P. Morton and Company, 1917.


Kreipke, Martha. "The Falls of the Ohio and the Development of the Ohio River Trade, 1810-1860." Filson Club Historical Quarterly. 1980 54 (2): 196-217.

Sprague, Stuart Seely. "The Louisville Canal: Key to Aaron Burr's Western Trip of 1805." Register of Kentucky Historical Society. 1973 71 (1):69-86.

Sprague, Stuart Seely. "The Canal at the Falls of Ohio and the Three Cornered Rivarly." Register of Kentucky Historical Society. 1974 72 (1): 38-54.

Thomas, Samuel W. "The Falls of the Ohio River and Its Environs: The Journals of Increase Allan Lapham for 1827-1839." Filson Club Historical Quarterly. 1971 45: 5-34, 199-226, 315-341, 381-403.

Trescott, Paul B. "The Louisville and Portland Canal Company, 1825-1874." Mississippi Valley Historical Review. 1958 44 (4): 686-708.



Parks, Robert J. Democracy's Railroads: Public Enterprise in Jacksonian Michigan. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1972.


Barnett, Leroy. "Lac La Belle: Keweenaw's First Ship Canal." Michigan History. 1985 69 (1): 40-46.

Dunbar, Willis F. "The Erie Canal and the Settlement of Michigan." Detroit Historical Society Bulletin. 1964 November: 17-28.

Keith, Hannah K. "An Historical Sketch of Internal Improvements in Michigan, 1836-1846." Michigan Political Science Association Publication. 1900 4 (1): 9-11, 24-35.

Noble, Vergil E. "The Archaeology of American Canals." Michigan Archaeologist. 1991 37 (1): 35-44.

Parks, Robert J. "Public Railroads in Michigan, 1825-1846." Kansas Quarterly. 1970 2 (3): 18-23.

Sturm, John A. "The Clinton and Kalamazoo Canal--The Glory That Was." Northwest Ohio Quarterly. 1983 55 (1): 74-97.

Van Meer, Leo. "Clinton--Kalamazoo Canal." Michigan History Magazine. 1932 16 (2): 225-231.



Albion, Robert Greenhalgh. Rise of the New York Port, 1815-1860. New York: Scribner, 1939.

Anderson, Patricia. The Course of Empire: The Erie Canal and the New York Landscape. Rochester, NY: Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, 1984.

Andrist, Ralph K. The Erie Canal. New York: American Heritage Library, 1964.

Beyer, Barry K. The Chenango Canal. New York: American Heritage Library, 1964.

Bourne, Russell. Floating West: The Erie Canal and Other American Canals. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1992.

Brunger, Eric and Wyld, Lionel. New York's First Thruway. Buffalo, NY: Buffalo and Erie Historical Society, 1964.

Chalmers, Harvey, II. The Birth of the Erie Canal. New York: Bookman Associates, 1960.

Chalmers, Harvey, II. How the Irish Built the Erie Canal. New York: Bookman Associates, 1964.

Chenango Canal, 1833-1878. n.p.: Chenango County Planning Department, n.d.

Condon, George E. Stars in the Water: The Story of the Erie Canal. New York: Doubleday & Company, 1974.

Cross, Whitney R. The Burned-over District: The Social and Intellectual History of Enthusiastic Religion in Western New York, 1800-1850. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1950.

Erie Canal Museum: Photos from the Collection. Syracuse, NY: Erie Canal Museum, 1989.

Finch, Roy G. The Story of the New York State Canals, Historical and Commercial Information. Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon Company, 1925.

Fitzsimons, Neal (ed.) The Reminiscences of John B. Jervis, Engineer of the Old Groton. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1971.

Garrity, Richard G. Canal Boatman: My Life on Upstate Waterways. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1977.

Garrity, Richard G. Recollections of the Erie Canal. Tonawanda, NY: Historical Society of the Towowandas, 1966.

Haydon, Roger (ed.). Upstate Travels: British Views of Nineteenth-Century New York. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1982.

Hewitt, Nancy. Women's Activism and Social Change: Rochester, New York, 1822-1872. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1984.

Holton, Gladys Reid. The Genesee Valley Canal. Brockport, NY: Stylus Graphics, 1970.

Homefront: The Erie Canal and the Civil War. Syracuse, NY: Erie Canal Museum, 1987.

Hotchkill, William O. Early Days of the Erie Canal. n.p. The Newcomen Society, 1940.

Hulbert, Archer B. The Great American Canals: Historic Highways of America. Volume II. Cleveland, OH: Arthur H. Clark Company, 1904.

Johnson, Curtis D. Islands of Holiness: Rural Religion in Upstate New York, 1790-1860. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989.

Johnson, Paul E. A Shopkeeper's Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815-1837. New York: Hill and Wang, 1978.

Kimball, Francis P. New York--The Canal State. Albany, NY: Argus Press, 1937.

Merrill, Arch. The Towpath. Rochester, NY: Gannett Company Inc., 1945.

Miller, Nathan. The Enterprise of a Free People: Aspects of Economic Development in New York State During the Canal Period, 1792-1828. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1962.

Miller, Roberta Balstad. City and Hinterland: A Case Study of Urban Growth and Regional Development. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979.

Osterud, Nancy Grey. Bonds of Community: The Lives of Farm Women in Nineteenth-Century New York. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Phillips, Albert. Along the Chenango Canal. Norwich, NY: author, 1964.

Renwick, James. Life of De Witt Clinton. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1854.

Ryan, Mary. Cradle of the Middle-Class: The Family in Oneida Country, New York, 1790-1865. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Scherer, John L. Greek Temples on the Towpath: A History and Guide to the Vischer Ferry Historical District. Clifton Park, NY: Town of Clifton Park, 1977.

Shaw, Ronald E. Erie Water West: A History of the Erie Canal, 1792-1854. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1966.

Shelton, Ronald L. The New York State Barge Canal System. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Resource Center, 1958.

Sheriff, Carol. The Artificial River: The Erie Canal and the Paradox of Progress, 1817-1862. New York: Hill and Wang, 1996.

Spier, Peter. The Erie Canal. New York: Doubleday & Company, 1970.

Soule, C.F. The Chenango Canal. n.p.: Canal Society of New York, 1970.

Thomas, Phelan. The Hudson Mohawk Gateway, An Illustrated History. Northridge, CA: Windsor Publications, 1985.

Thompson, Harold W. Body, Boots, and Britches. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippencott Company, 1939.

Veeder, David H. The Original Erie Canal at Fort Hunter. New York: Fort Hunter Canal Society, 1968.

Volgel, Robert M. (ed.) A Report of the Mohawk Hudson Area Survey Conducted by the Historic American Engineering Record. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1975.

Walker, Barbara K. and Warren S. (eds.) The Erie Canal: Gateway to the Empire. Boston, MA: D.C. Heath, 1963.

Walsh, Edward S. The Canal System of New York State. Albany, NY: 1923.

Wyld, Lionel. The Erie Canal: A Bibliography. Easton, PA.: American Canal Society, 1978.

Wyld, Lionel. Boaters and Broomsticks: Tales and Historical Lore of the Erie Canal. Utica, NY: North Country Books, 1986.

Wyld, Lionel. Low Bridge! Folklore and the Erie Canal. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1962.


Andrist, Ralph K and Plowden, David. "The Erie Canal Passed This Way." American Heritage. 1968 19 (6): 22-31,77-80.

Archdeacon, Thomas F. "The Erie Canal Ring, Samuel J. Tilden and the Democratic Party." New York History. 1978 59 (4): 408-429.

Beame, Edward M. "Rochester's Flour Milling Industry in Pre-Canal Days." Business History Review. 1955 31 (2): 209-225.

Beyer, Barry K. "The Chenango Canal and the Campaign for Its Construction." New York History. 1957 38 (3): 257-275.

Brong, Karl S. "Genesis of the Erie Canal." National Republic. May 1934 22 (1): 21-22,30.

Brown, Mabel A. "Broadcasting by Cannon." National Republic. May 1934 12 (1): 20, 32.

Carp, Roger E. "The Limits of Reform: Labor and Discipline on the Erie Canal." Journal of the Early Republic. 1990 10 (2): 191-219.

Cassai, Mary. "The Triumph of the Erie Canal." Heritage: The Magazine of the New York State Historical Association. 1994 10 (3): 8-13.

Cleland, C.E. and Stone, L.M. "Archaeology as a Method for Investigating the History of the Erie Canal System." Historical Archaeology. 1967 1 (1): 63-70.

Cohn, Michael B. "The Maritime Impact on New York's Early Development, 1800-1860." International Journal of Maritime History [Canada]. 1992 4 (2): 227-238.

Cooke, Patrica. "The Erie Canal: American History Through Folklore." New York Folklore. 1979 5 (3-4): 155-167.

Davidson, C. "Cruising by Packet Boat: Erie and Champlain Canal." Americana. 1981 9 (7-8): 52-56.

Dunn, Jamwa T. (ed.) "A Trip the Northern Canal." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1950 6 (3): 268-300.

Dunnigan, Brian Leigh. " Portaging Niagara." Inland Seas. 1986 42 (3): 177-183,216-223.

Ellis, David M. "Whitestown: From Yankee Outpost to Cradle of Reform." New York History. 1984 65 (1): 32-59.

Ellis, David M. "Albany and Troy--Commercial Rivals." New York History. 1948 24 (3): 268-300.

Ellis, David M. "Rivalry Between the New York Central and the Erie Canal." New York History. 1948 29 (3): 268-300.

"Erie Canal Passed this Way." American Heritage. 1968 19 10: 22-31.

Fairlie, John A. "Canal Enlargement in New York State." Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1904 17 (3): 286-292.

Fairlie, John A. "New York Canals." Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1900 14 (2): 212-239.

Fairlie, John A. "The New York Canals." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 1908 31 (2): 117-125.

Grasso, Thomas X. and Rosenberg-Naparsteck. "Remembering the Old Canal Town." Rochester History. 1987 49 (4): 2-30.

Hanyan, Craig R. "China and the Erie Canal." Business History Review. 1961 35 (4): 558-566.

Haydon, Kevin. "Early Encounters on the Hudson." Sea History. 1991 58 (1): 19-23.

Herndon, G. Melvin. "A Grandiose Scheme to Navigate and Harness Niagara Falls." New York Historical Society Quarterly. 1974 58 (1): 7-17.

Higbee, Elizabeth M. "They Remember the Erie Canal." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1955 11 (1): 91-96.

Hilton, Kenneth. "New York State's Response to the St. Lawrence Seaway Support in the 1920s." Inland Seas. 1981 37 (3): 176-181, (4): 252-257; 38 (1): 15-20.

Hopkins, Vivian C. "The Governor and the Western Recluse: De Witt Clinton and Francis Adrian Van Der Kamp." Proceedings from the American Philosophical Society. 1961 105 (3): 315-333.

Hopkins, Vivian C. "John Jacob Astor and De Witt Clinton: Correspondence from January 25, 1808 to December 23, 1827." New York Public Library Bulletin. 1964 12 (67): 654-673.

Klein, Daniel B. and Majewski, John. "Plank Road Fever in Antebellum America: New York State Origins." New York History. 1994 75 (1): 39-65.

La Bastille, Anne. "Canachagala and the Erie Canal." Adirondack Life. 1972 3 (2): 34-35.

Langbein, Walter B. "Our Grand Erie Canal: A Splendid Project a Little Short of Madness." Civil Engineering. 1977 47 (1): 75-81.

Larkin, F. Daniel. "The Black River Canal: A Waterway to the North Country." Hudson Valley Regional Review. 1993 10 (1): 1-23.

Larkin, Janet D. "The Canal Era: A Study of the Original Erie and Welland Canals within the Niagara Borderland." American Reviews of Canadian Studies. 1994 24 (3): 299-314.

Lorini, Alessandra. "The Rites of the Crowd in Mass Democracy: Social Tensions and Theatrical Use of Urban Space in New York, 1825-1850." Passato e Presente [Italy]. 1989 20/21: 39-73.

Lowe, Jack W. "Modeling an Erie Canal Packet." Nautical Research Journal. 1975 21 (3): 107-113.

Mabie, Roger W. "The Hudson River Port Rondout." Sea History. 1985 37 (1): 12-15.

McCombs, Hazel A. "Erie Canawl Lore." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1947 3 (2): 204-212.

McIlwraith, Thomas F. "Freight Capacity and Utilization of the Erie and the Great Lakes Canals Before 1850." Journal of Economic History. 1976 36 (4): 852-877.

McKelvey, Blake. "The Erie Canal: Mother of Cities." New York Historical Quarterly. 1951 1 (35): 55-71.

McKelvey, Blake. "Rochester and the Erie Canal." Rochester History. 1949 7 (1): 1-24.

Miller, Nathan. "Private Enterprise in Inland Navigation: The Mohawk River Prior to the Erie Canal." New York History. 1950 31 (4): 398-413.

O'Brien, Charles F. "The Champlain Waterway, 1783-1897." New England Quarterly. 1988 20 (1):163-182.

O'Donnell, Thomas F. "I'm Afloat! On the Raging Erie." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1957 13 (1): 177-180.

Palmer, Richard F. "The Forwarding Business in Oswego, 1800-1820." Inland Seas. 1985 41 (2): 100-111; (3): 175-184.

Palmer, Richard F. "Oswego: Lumber Trade Capital of the United States." Inland Seas. 1984 40 (1): 30-38.

Prindle, Tom. "Re-opening the Doors of History at the Erie House." Sea History. 1994/95 72 (1): 16-18.

Pritchard, Georgiana. "On the Erie Canal." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1954 10 (1):45-47.

Rapp, Marvin A. "Niagara Seaway--All American Canal." Inland Seas. 1965 21 (1): 49-58.

Rezneck, Samuel A. "A Traveling School of Science on the Erie Canal in 1826." New York History. 40 (3): 255-269.

Rosenberg-Naparsteck, Ruth. "At the Rapids on the Genesee Settlement at Castletown." Rochester History. 1992 54 (3): 3-23.

Sciaky, Leon. "The Roundout and Its Canal." New York History. 1941 22 (2): 272-289.

Seelye, John. "Rational Exultation: The Erie Canal Celebration." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society. 1984 94 (2): 241-267.

St. Denis, Guy. "An Erie Canal for Western Upper Canada: A Forgotten Episode in Ontario's Transportation Evolution." Ontario History. 1993 85 (3): 231-250.

Williams, Mentor L. "Horace Greely Tours the Great Lakes." Inland Seas. 1947 3 (1): 137-142.

Winslow, David. "Canal Diary." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1961 17 (1): 56-59.

Wyld, Lionel D. "A Farce on Erie Water." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1961 17 (1): 59-62.

Wyld, Lionel D. "Mrs. Erie Canal." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1958 14 (2): 265-268.

Wyld, Lionel D. "Notes for a Yorker Dictionary of Canalese." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1959 15 (2): 264-273.


Brooks, Charles Edward. "Economic Change and Agrarian Conflict in the Holland Land Purchase of Western New York, 1800-1845." Ph.D. dissertation. State University of New York at Buffalo, 1988.

Carp, Roger Evan. "The Erie Canal and the Liberal Challenge to Classical Republicanism, 1785-1850." Ph.D. dissertation. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1986.

Cone, Gertrude E. "Studies in the Development of Transportation in the Champlain Valley to 1876." Master's thesis. University of Vermont, 1945.

Cornog, Evan William. "The Birth of Empire: De Witt Clinton and the American Experience, 1769-1828." Ph.D. dissertation. Columbia University, 1996.

Ehrlich, Richard Larry. "The Development of Manufacturing in Select Counties in the Erie Canal Corridor, 1815-1860." Ph.D. dissertation. State University of New York at Buffalo, 1972.

Filante, Ronald William. "An Inquiry into the Sources of Surplus Revenues on the Erie Canal 1825 to 1860." Ph.D. dissertation. Purdue University, 1969.

Hixson, Charles Robert III. "Antimasonry in Western New York: A Social and Political Analysis." Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Los Angeles, 1983.

Hrkach, John Jerome. "Theatrical Activity and other Popular Entertainment Along the Turnpikes of New York State from the End of the American Revolution to the Beginning of the Civil War." Ph.D. dissertation. City University of New York, 1990.

Larkin, Daniel F. "The New York Years of John B. Jervis, Builder." Ph.D. dissertation. State University of New York at Albany, 1976.

Maddox, Vivienne Dawn. "The Effects of the Erie Canal on Building and Planning in Syracuse, Palmyra, Rochester, and Lockport, New York." Ph.D. dissertation. Cornell University, 1976.

Manning, Richard Howard. "Herald of the Albany Regency: Edwin Croswell and the 'Albany Argus,' 1823-1854." Ph.D. dissertation. Miami University, 1983.

McConkey, John Xavier. "Development of the Surplus Water Leasing Policy on the Erie Canal System, 1817-1903." D.S.S. thesis. Syracuse University, 1966.

O'Hara John E. "Erie's Junior Partner: The Economic and Social Effects of the Champlain Canal Upon the Champlain Valley." Ph.D. dissertation. Columbia University, 1951.

Pearce, Norman Stanley. "Constituency or Party? Democratic Congressman and Internal Improvements on Lake Erie, 1825-1860." Master's thesis. Southern Connecticut State University, 1994.

Perciaccante, Marianne. "Calling Down the Fire: Charles Grandison Finney and Revivalism in Jefferson County, New York, 1800-1840." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Virginia, 1992.

Reineke, Robert. "Political Aspects of the Origin and Building of the Erie Canal." Master's thesis. Colgate University, 1951.

Sax, Richard Alan. "Sailing Down the Mississippi of Broadway: Regional Stereotypes in the Literary Imagination of Herman Melville, 1846-1857." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Michigan, 1992.

Sheriff, Carol. "The Artificial River: The Erie Canal and the Paradoxes of Progress, 1817-1862." Ph.D. dissertation. Yale University, 1993.

Siry, Steven Edwin. "De Witt Clinton and the American Political Economy: Sectionalism, Politics, and Republican Ideology, 1787-1828." Ph.D. University of Cincinnati, 1986.

Smith, Jonathan Mark. "Brockport, New York: A Narrative of That Place." Ph.D. Syracuse University, 1991.

Wyld, Lionel Darcy. "The Erie Canal in Folklore and Literature." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Pennsylvania, 1959.



Aungst, Dean M. The Union Canal and the Lehmans. Lebanon, PA: Lebanon County Historical Society.

Bartholomew, Ann and Metz, Lance. The Delaware and Lehigh Canals. Easton, PA: Center for Canal History and Technology, 1988.

Baumgardner, Mahlon J. and Hoenstine, Floyd C. The Old Allegheny and Portage Railroad. Altoona, PA: Blair County Historical Society, 1952.

Binder, Frederick M. Coal Age Empire: Pennsylvania Coal and Its Utilization to 1860. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1974.

Burgess, George H. and Kennedy, Miles C. Centennial History of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Philadelphia, PA: Pennsylvania Railroad, 1949.

Crippen, Lee F. Simon Cameron, Ante-Bellum Years. Oxford, MS: The Mississippi Valley Press, 1942.

Delaware & Hudson Company, A Century of Progress: History of the Delaware and Hudson Canal, 1823-1923. Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon Company., 1925.

Dickens, Charles. American Notes for General Circulation. (2 volumes). London: 1842. Reprinted by St. Martin's Press, 1985.

Ferguson, Eugene S.(ed.) Early Engineering Reminiscences of George Escol Sellers, 1815-1840. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1965.

Fritz, David L. and Clemensen, Berle A. Pennsylvania Main Line Canal: Juniata and Western Divisions: Special Study. Denver, CO: National Park Service, 1993.

Folsom, Burton W. Jr. Urban Capitalists, Entrepreneurs, and City Growth in Pennsylvania's Lackawanna and Lehigh Regions, 1800-1920. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Gustorf, Fred and Gustorf, Gisela. The Uncorrupted Heart: Journal and Letters of Frederick Julius Gustorf, 1800-1845. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1969.

Hartz, Louis. Economic Policy and Democratic Thought: Pennsylvania, 1776-1860. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1948.

A History of the Monongahela Navigation Company by an Original Stockholder. Pittsburgh, PA: Bakewell and Marthens, 1873. Reprinted by the Pennsylvania Canal Society, 1978.

Hoffmann, John N. Anthracite in the Lehigh Region of Pennsylvania. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1968.

Hone, Philip J. Diary of Philip Hone. (2 volumes). Alan Nevins (ed.) New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1927.

Ingham, S.D. (compiler) Canal and Railroad Laws of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Theo. Penn Printer, 1836.

Jacobs, Harry A. The Juniata Canal and Old Portage Railroad. Hollidaysburg, PA: Blair County Historical Society, 1941, reprint, 1969.

Klein, Theodore B. The Canals of Pennsylvania and the System of Internal Improvement. Harrisburg, PA: State Printer of Pennsylvania, 1901. Reprinted by Canal Press Inc., 1973.

Kussart, Sarepta. The Allegheny River. Pittsburgh, PA: Burgum Printing Company, 1938.

Leroy, Edward. The Delaware and Hudson Canal: A History. Honesdale, PA: Wayne County Historical Society, 1950.

Leslie, Vernon. Canal Town: Honesdale, 1850-1875. Honesdale, PA: Wayne County Historical Society, 1983.

McClelland, Robert J. The Delaware Canal: A Picture Story. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1967.

McCullough, Robert and Leuba, Walter. The Pennsylvania Mainline Canal. York, PA: The American Canal and Transportation Center, 1973.

McNair, James B. Simon Cameron's Adventure in Iron, 1837-1845. Los Angeles: Author, 1949.

Miller, John P. The Lehigh Canal: A Thumb Nail History, 1829-1931. Lehigh, PA: Lehigh Canal Society, 1979.

Murray, Elsie. The North Branch Canal. Athens, PA: Tioga Point Museum, 1941.

Parton, W. Julian. The Death of a Great Company. Easton, PA: Center for Canal History and Technology, 1986.

Petrillo, F. Charles. Anthracite and Slackwater: The North Branch Canal, 1828-1901. Easton, PA: Center for Canal History and Technology, 1986.

Pharo, Elizabeth B. (ed.) Reminiscences of William Hasell Wilson, 1811-1902. Philadelphia, PA: n.p., 1937.

Reiser, Catherine E. Pittsburgh's Commercial Development, 1800-1830. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1951.

Reynolds, John E. In French Creek Valley. Meadville, PA: Crawford County Historical Society, 1938.

Rosenberger, Homer T. The Philadelphia and Erie Railroad: Its Place in American Economic History. Potomac, MD: The Fox Hills Press, 1975.

Sanderson, Dorothy H. The Delaware and Hudson Canal Way: Carrying Coal to Roundout. Ellensville, NY: Roundout Valley Press, 1965, 1974.

Sayenga, Donald. Ellet and Roebling: The Amazing Tale of Freindship and Rivalry Between Two of America's Greatest Engineers. York, PA: American Canal and Transportation Center, 1983.

Shank, William H. The Amazing Pennsylvania Canals. York, PA: American Canal and Transportation Center, 1973.

Shank, William H. The Columbia & Philadelphia Railroad and Its Successors. York, PA: American Canal and Transportation Center, 1985.

Shaugnessy, Jim. Delaware and Hudson: The History of an Important Railroad Whose Antecedent was a Canal Network to Transport Coal. Berkley, CA: Howell-North Books, 1967.

Smelter, Gerald. Canals Along the Lower Susquehanna. York, PA: Historical Society of York County, 1961.

Stephenson, Clarence D. The Pennsylvania Canal: Indiana and Westmoreland Counties. Marion Center, PA: Author, 1961, reprint, 1979.

Swank, James M. Progressive Pennsylvania: A Record of the Remarkable Industrial Development of the Keystone State, with Some Account of Its Early and Its Later Transportation Systems, Its Early Settlers, and Its Prominent Men. Philadelphia, PA: Lippencott, 1908.

Swetnam, George. Pennsylvania Transportation. Gettysburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical Association, 1964, revised, 1968.

Toogood, Anna Coxe. Historic Resource Study--Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site, Pennsylvania. Denver, CO: National Park Service, 1973.

Unrau, Harlan D. Historic Structures Report, Historic Data Section: The Delaware Aqueduct, Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River. Denver, CO: National Park Service, 1983.

Wakefield, Manville B. Coal Boats to Tidewater. Grahamsville, NY: Wakefair Press, 1965, 1972.

Wilson, William Bender. From the Hudson to the Ohio. Philadelphia, PA: Kensington Press, 1902.

Yoder, C.P. Delaware Canal Journal: A Definitive History. Bethlehem, PA: Canal Press Inc., 1972.


Backofen, Catherine. "Congressman Harmar Denny." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1940 23 (1): 65-78.

Baldwin, Leland D. (compiler). "Charles Dickens in Western Pennsylvania." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1936 19 (1): 27-46.

Bell, John F. "Robert Fulton and the Pennsylvania Canals." Pennsylvania History. 1942 9 (1): 191-196.

Benner, Dorothy O. "The D & H Canal: Pennsylvania and New York." New York Folklore Quarterly. 1950 6 (2): 260-267.

Bishop, Alvard L. "Corrupt Practices Connected with the Building and Operation of the State Works of Pennsylvania." Yale Review. 1907 15 (4): 391-411.

Bothwell, Margaret. "Incline Planes and People: Some Past and Present Ones." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1963 46: 311-346.

Bowman, John B. "The Schuylkill Rangers." Pennsylvania Folklife. 1957-58 9 (1): 41-50.

"The Diary of Samuel Breck, 1827-1833." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 1979 103 (3/4): 222-251, 357-382, 497-527.

Brewer, George S. "Transportation in Erie County." The Journal of Erie Studies. 1977 6 (1): 44-59.

Carlson, Robert E. "The Pennsylvania Improvement Society and Its Promotion of Canals and Railroads, 1824-1826." Pennsylvania History. 1964 31 (3): 295-310.

Case, Lynn M. "Philadelphia and Baltimore in 1837, Notes Written by an Italian Count During His Journey Across America." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 1933 57 (1): 181-186.

Corkan, Lloyd A.M. "The Beaver and Lake Erie Canal." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1934 17 (1): 175-188.

Cummings, Hubertis M. "James D. Harris, Canal Engineer: Notes on His Papers and Related Canal Papers." Pennsylvania History. 1951 18 (1): 31-45.

Cummings, Hubertis M. "Pennsylvania: Network of Canal Ports." Pennsylvania History. 1954 21 (2): 260-273.

Cummings, Hubertis M. "Some Notes on the State Owned Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad." Pennsylvania History. 1950 17 (1): 39-49.

DeGeorge, Theresa Grzankowski. "The Economic Development of the Port of Erie and Related Avenues of Trade: 1825-1845." The Journal of Erie Studies. 1975 4 (1): 38-52.

Evans, Henry O. "Notes on Pittsburgh's Transportation Prior to 1890." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1941 24 (1): 161-182.

Fisher, Barbara. "Maritime History of Reading, Pennsylvania, 1833-1905." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 1962 84 (1): 160-180.

Formwalt, Lee W. "Benjamin Henry Latrobe and the Revival of the Gallatin Plan of 1808." Pennsylvania History. 1981 48 (1): 99-128.

Foster John J. "The Oldest Canal Tunnel in the United States." Pennsylvania History. 1952 19 (3): 352-354.

Gibbons, Edward S. "The Building of the Schuykill Navigation System, 1815-1828." Pennsylvania History. 1990 57 (1): 13-43.

Hartman, E.J. "Josiah White and the Lehigh Canal." Pennsylvania History. 1940 7 (2): 225-234.

Hartman, Jessie L. "John Dougherty and the Rise of the Sectional Boat System." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 1945 69 (3): 294-314.

Hartman, Jessie L. "Pennsylvania's Grand Plan of Post Revolutionary Internal Improvement." Pennsylvania Magazine Of History and Biography. 1941 65 (4): 437-457.

Hartman, Jessie L. "The Portage Railroad National Historic Site and the Johnstown Flood National Memorial." Pennsylvania History. 1964 31 (2): 139-156.

Ilisevich, Robert and Burkett, Carl K. "The Canal Through Pittsburgh: Its Development and Physical Character." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1985 68 (3): 351-372.

Jordan, William M. "Canals of the Lebanon Valley." Pennsylvania Geology. 1983 14(4): 2-5

"Journal of a Voyage on the Raging Canal." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1980 63 (2): 273-276.

Livingood, James W. "The Canalization of the Lower Susquehanna." Pennsylvania History. 1941 8 (2): 131-149.

McClintock, Walter J. "The French Creek Feeder and Conneaut Reservoir, 1827-1872." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1939 22 (1): 188-200.

McFarlane, James. "The Pennsylvania Canals." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1919 2 (1): 38-51.

Marchwinski, Patricia J. "Following History Through the Erie Extension Canal." The Journal of Erie Studies. 1983 2 (1): 1-17.

Myers, Richmond E. "The Story of Transportation on the Susquehanna River." New York History. 1948 29 (2): 157-169.

Powell, H. Benjamin. "Coal and Pennsylvania's Transportation Policy, 1825-1828." Pennsylvania History. 1971 38 (2):134-151.

Rhodes Willard R. and Barton, Edwin M. "Pennsylvania's North Branch Canal . . . Reminiscences and Aspects." Columbian. 1960 1 (1): 1-32.

Roberts, Solomon W. "Reminiscences of the First Railroad Over the Allegheny Mountains." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 1878 2 (3): 370-393.

Sanderlin, Walter S. "The Expanding Horizons of the Schuylkill Navigation Company, 1815-1870." Pennsylvania History. 1969 36 (2): 174-191.

Sappee, Nathan D. "Spoliation and Encroachment in the Conemaugh Valley Before the Johnstown Flood of 1889." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1940 23 (1): 25-48.

Scriven, George B. "The Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal." Maryland Historical Magazine. 1976 71 (4): 522-526.

Snelling, Richard I. "Philadelphia and the Agitation in 1825 for the Pennsylvania Canal." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 1938 62 (2): 175-204.

Tarr, Joel A. (ed.) "Philo E. Thompson's Diary of a Journey on the Main Line Canal." Pennsylvania History. 1965 32 (3): 295-304.

Whitenight, Hazel. "The Pennsylvania Canal." Pennsylvania History. 1943 10 (3): 297-299.


Bastoni, Gerald Robert. "Canvass White, Esquire (1790-1834): Civil Engineer." Master's thesis. Lehigh University, 1983.

Brzyski, Anthony. "The Lehigh Canal and Its Effect on the Economic Development of the Region Through Which It Passed, 1818-1873." Ph.D. dissertation. New York University, 1957.

Corkan, Lloyd. "The Beaver and Erie Canal." Master's thesis. University of Pittsburgh, 1927.

Filippeli, Ronald L. "The Schuylkill Navigation Company and Its Role in the Development of the Anthracite Coal Trade in Schuylkill County, 1815-1845." Master's thesis. Pennsylvania State University, 1966.

Kimes, Pearl Clair. "The Union Canal of Pennsylvania." Master's thesis. University of Pennsylvania, 1934.

Landsrath, Mary Hill. "A History of the Canal Movement in Pennsylvania." Master's thesis. Pennsylvania State University, 1917.

Livengood, James W. "The History of the Commercial Rivalry Between Philadelphia and Baltimore for the Trade of the Susquehanna Valley, 1780-1860." Ph.D. dissertation. Princeton University, 1937.

Majewski, John P. "Commerce and Community: Economic Culture and Internal Improvements in Pennsylvania and Virginia, 1790-1860." Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Los Angeles, 1994.

Miller, Robert E. "The Sale of the Main Line of the Pennsylvania Public Improvements." Master's thesis. Pennsylvania State University, 1967.

Powell, H. Benjamin. Coal, Philadelphia, and the Schuylkill." Ph.D. dissertation. Lehigh University,1968.

Pratt, Elizabeth Miller. "The Building of the Pennsylvania Canal." Master's thesis. Columbia University, 1949.

Quinn, Sister Mary Faber. "The Influences of the North Branch Canal on the Pattern of Urban Land Use in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania." Master's thesis. Catholic University of America, 1959.

Rubin, Julius. "Imitation by Canal or Innovation by Railroad: A Comparative Study to the Response to the Erie Canal in Boston, Philadelphia, and Baltimore." Ph.D. dissertation. Columbia University, 1959.

Sadov, Abraham. "Transportation and the Appalachian Barrier: A Case Study in Economic Innovation." Ph.D. dissertation. Harvard University, 1950.

Shegda, Michael. "History of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company to 1840." Ph.D. dissertation. Temple University, 1952.

Wallner, Peter A. "Politics and Public Works: A Study of the Pennsylvania Canal System, 1825-1857." Ph.D. dissertation. Pennsylvania State University, 1973.



Kleist, Frederica Hart. Portage Canal History Since 1834. Portage, WI: Wisconsin Canal Society, 1983.

Mermin, Samuel. The Fox-Wisconsin Rivers Improvement: An Historical Study in Legal Institutions and Political Economy, 1820-1861. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968.


Gambill, Edward L. "Mason C. Darling and the Growth of Fond du Lac." Wisconsin History. 1961 45 (1): 84-94.

Smith, Alice E. "Fox River Valley Paintings." Wisconsin Historical Magazine. 1968 51 (2): 139-154.


McCluggage, Robert W. "The Fox-Wisconsin Waterway, 1836-1872: Land Speculation, Regional Rivalries, Politics, and Private Enterprise." Ph.D. dissertation. University of Wisconsin, 1954.


Cleveland Digital Library Webmaster

Your comments, suggestions and questions are welcomed.

Last updated February 21, 1999